Winter is a beautiful season to take photos. In order to capture the beauty that winter offers you’ll have to overcome cold temperatures for both you and your gear.
Here are seven tips that will help you protect your gear and take beautiful photos during the winter season.
1. If You Hate the Cold, Stay Inside!
When you think of winter photos you might imagine being bundled up outside in the howling cold trying to avoid frostbite while taking photos. I’ve certainly been in that situation a time or two!
Maybe the thought of crazy winter weather keeps you from ever stepping outside to take photos during winter months. But who says you have to go outdoors to take nice winter photos?
Before stepping outdoors, think about what you can accomplish inside.
A few years ago I spent the whole winter indoors studying. I loved the way the icicles looked hanging from our house. Rather than take my camera outdoors, I photographed the icicles from inside my house.
2. Preparing Your Batteries
Now suppose you do want to head outdoors to take winter photos; you had better be prepared.
Make sure your batteries are fully charged (including your spare ones). Batteries tend to drain faster in the cold, so find a warm pocket to keep them in. A pocket should allow the batteries to be up against your body; perhaps an inner chest pocket. Also, try keeping a hand warmer or baked potato in the pocket!
3. Metering for the Snow
Most people use some sort of auto setting on their camera such as ‘landscape’ or ‘portrait’ mode. You may even be using aperture or shutter priority. With all of these settings, your camera uses its internal meter to calculate the right exposure or brightness for your photo.
This can be a problem.
When the landscape is covered in bright white snow, your camera will want to darken the exposure. This means that you’ll snap a photo and the snow will turn our looking very gray. The camera doesn’t realize that you want the snow to appear bright white in your photo. Of course, it doesn’t even know it’s looking at snow!
There are two ways to fix this. The first is to use full manual mode so that you have control over the exposure, not your camera.
If you’re not comfortable using manual mode yet, then try using exposure compensation. Set your camera to aperture priority, then use exposure compensation to increase the exposure by a full stop. Keep making adjustments until you’ve got it just right. Consult your camera manual on how to adjust exposure compensation.
4. Look for Contrast
Once you’ve got the hang of exposure and metering it’s time to make some creative photos.
The first thing I look for in a snowy landscape is contrast. Since the snow is bright white, I look for dark objects that will stand out in contrast to the snow.
Contrast is what will help your photo to ‘pop’ and give it more dimension.
In a landscape, this might be trees, buildings, animals or people.
5. Think in Black and White
You’re already looking for high contrast scenes. Bright white snow together with dark objects create a perfect high contrast black and white photo.
Seeing our photos in black and white allows us to appreciate the lines and texture in the photo without being distracted by colors.
There are two options to get a black and white photo. You can change your camera settings to photograph in black in white. Or, you can photograph in JPEG or RAW mode and convert the photos to black and white later.
I recommend using RAW mode and set your camera to black and white. This way your RAW photo will retain its color even though it appears black and white on your camera. Using RAW mode offers you the chance to see your photos in black and white as you take them, but still have the option to keep them in color when you look at them later on your computer.
6. Slow Shutter Speed
I love to be out in snow storms watching the wind whip the snowflakes around. The constant motion of the snowflakes will allow you to get creative with your shutter speed.
You can set your shutter speed to freeze the movement of the snowflakes, but you can also slow your shutter speed down and capture the movement of the snowflakes.
You can’t see the wind with your eyes, but you can see how it blows the snowflakes around. When you slow down your shutter speed, you’ll capture the blurred movement of the flakes.
I recommend using shutter priority. Slow down your shutter speed until you achieve the desired amount of blur in your photo. Remember the third tip I gave you about metering for the bright snow? If you’re having trouble getting the right exposure then try manual mode or exposure compensation.
7. Protect Your Camera Before You Come Inside
People who wear eyeglasses know how annoying it is to come inside from the cold. As soon as they step indoors, their glasses fog up! This is called condensation. It’s moisture from the warm air collecting on a cold surface.
This will happen to your camera too. When you bring it inside from the cold, moisture will collect on it, getting into all the tiny little parts of your camera. Naturally, this can be a problem for the long-term health of your camera.
Here’s what you can do to bring your cold camera into the house without having to worry about condensation:
While you’re still outside, put your camera into a large heavy-duty airtight bag. Seal the bag so that no moisture can get in. Now when you bring your camera into the house no moisture will get into your camera. Allow your camera to return to room temperature before taking it out of the bag. When you do take it out, no moisture will collect on it!
Beautiful Photos in Icy Cold Weather
Whether you’re taking winter photos from the warmth of your cozy home, or you’re going to brave the winter chill, remember these simple tips:
- Charge your batteries and keep them warm.
- Get perfectly exposed photos through manual mode or exposure compensation.
- Make your winter photos look creative by finding contrast, converting them to black and white, or using a slow shutter speed.
- Keep your camera safe from moisture by sealing it in an airtight bag before coming back inside.
- Be ready for your next adventure by recharging your batteries as soon as they are warm!