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Photoshop: Smarter sharpening with the High Pass filter

In previous posts I have introduced the basics of sharpening in Photoshop and I also looked at a way to spot sharpen an image in Photoshop Elements using faux layer masks. In this post I want to show you the benefits of using high pass sharpening in Photoshop as an alternative to using the Unsharp mask (click to enlarge some images in this post).

pS_before-after.jpg

The Unsharp mask has historically been the sharpening tool that most Photoshop users start out using. There are, however, different and better tools to use and one of these is the High Pass filter. One reason for this is that the Unsharp mask operates on the actual image pixels and it makes changes to those pixels. The sharpening process that makes use of the High Pass filter doesn’t operate on the original image so it does not destroy the image pixels – this is particularly useful if you’re using Photoshop CS2 or earlier which doesn’t offer the Smart Objects for Filters option for applying the Unsharp mask filter.

In addition, instead of sharpening the entire image as the Unsharp Mask does, using this High Pass filter process limits sharpening to the edges in the image which is where the most value can be obtained from sharpening the image.

Step 1

ps_step1.jpg

To see the process at work, open an image and duplicate the background layer of the image. If your image has multiple layers, add a new layer at the top of the layer stack, click it to select it and press Ctrl + Alt + Shift + E (Command + Option + Shift + E on the Mac) to fill the top layer with a flattened version of the image – without affecting the other layers.

Step 2

ps_step2.jpg

In the Layers palette set the blend mode of the new top layer to Overlay. This will let you see the sharpening results in place on the image in the next step.

Step 3

ps_step3.jpg

With the topmost layer still selected, choose Filter > Other > High Pass. This filter has one slider to adjust the Radius value. Drag the slider until you see a pretty much gray image in the preview window with the only detail being around the edges of objects in the image. If you can see color in the preview image then the radius is set too high. Typically a Radius value of well under 10 pixels should be sufficient – we used 2. Click Ok.

Step 4

ps_step4.jpg

The image is now sharpened – check the original against the sharpened version by clicking the Layer Visibility Icon for the top layer on and off to compare the result.

To finish the effect, adjust the Opacity of the top layer to 0 and then move it back up stopping when you have a good sharpening result. The ideal Opacity will depend on your personal preference.

If desired you can use blend modes other than Overlay, for example Soft Light and Hard Light can be equally as effective depending on the result that you are looking for.

Tip

When you are sharpening an image, adjust the image to the way you want it to look if you’re planning to display the image on the web. If you’re printing it you can (and should), sharpen more aggressively.

ps_step5.jpg

If you are using Photoshop CS3 or CS4, before you apply the High Pass filter to the top layer of the image, convert it to a Smart Object by selecting the layer and choose Filter > Convert for Smart Filters. Then apply the High Pass filter to the new smart object in the same way as I have outlined above. When you apply a filter to a Smart Object you can return later on to edit it – simply double click the filter name in the layer palette and the filter dialog opens allowing you to change the Radius value.

Read more from our Post Production category.

Helen Bradley is a Lifestyle journalist who divides her time between the real and digital worlds, picking the best from both. She writes and produces video instruction for Photoshop and digital photography for magazines and online providers world wide. She has also written four books on photo crafts and blogs at Projectwoman.com.

  • http://www.quickphotographytips.com QPT

    I’ve been using this method for all my sharpening since I discovered it. I like to crank the Radius up to 250px sometimes for a grungy high contrast look.

  • vandergus

    Another advantage to high pass sharpening is the ability to selectively sharpen certain areas of the image using layer masks. For example, if you wanted to bring more attention to the eyes in a portrait without exaggerating imperfections in the skin, you could selectively sharpen just the eyes. High pass sharpening is a very powerful and highly customizable technique and it’s good to see it getting a little more attention. Thanks Darren.

  • Dean

    There’s more to this sharpening technique… Let’s say there’s parts of the photo you “don’t” want sharpened… like someone’s skin in a portrait. You can actually erase some of the sharpening by opening the color pallet and setting it to 50% gray. Then just use the paint brush in any area on the high pass layer that you don’t want sharpened.

  • http://www.augusteo.com Victor Augusteo

    Somehow i believe u can achieve similar result as this high pass filter with the clarity slider in lightroom. just use the slider to +100 or somewhere along there. Correct me if i’m wrong tho :)

  • Riyazi

    I have been using this method as well and find it to be the most effective. I didn’t know about the smart filters part – that will be useful for the future.

  • http://www.meltedrubber.com The_Stig

    Excellent tip. Thanks for the article.

  • http://www.classyshots.com Michael VanDeWalker

    I’ve been using this method for years. Be sure to look at sections of the image at 100% as it can be easy to over sharpen. I find often a radius of .5 or 1 is enough.

  • http://qixotic.blogspot.com/ Richard Haber

    I have also been taught to sharpen heavily at first so that you can see the effect clearly and then use the opacity slider on the sharpening layer to attenuate it to a reasonable level.

  • http://sbphotog.redbubble.com/ Shannon

    I’ve used this method for a long time as well. I usually use a radius of 5 for my high-res images ( a lower number for smaller res) with soft light blending. I occasionally use overlay if I need a tad more sharpening.

  • none

    Thanks for the tutorial- i’ve been wanting to learn how to use the high pass ever since my friend told me about it…

  • http://picasaweb.google.com/superdewa Deirdre

    I use the high pass filter for sharpening sometimes, because sometimes I prefer the way it looks to the unsharp mask.

    I am confused here though. It seems you are saying that one can’t run the unsharp filter on a new layer or that one can’t erase or selectively sharpen with the unsharp filter? I use the unsharp filter to selectively sharpen all the time. I’m not sure what you’re saying.

  • http://www.gdanmitchell.com/ G Dan Mitchell

    You start with a fundamentally inaccurate statement: “The Unsharp mask has historically been the sharpening tool that most Photoshop users start out using. There are, however, different and better tools to use and one of these is the High Pass filter. One reason for this is that the Unsharp mask operates on the actual image pixels and it makes changes to those pixels.”

    In CS4 the best way to apply sharpening – USM or smart sharpening – is generally to do it in a smart layer. This does NOT “operate on the image pixels” (if by that you mean “rewrite the underlying image data”). Sharpening applied this way is completely undoable and/or modifiable at a later date.

    Not destructive sharpening methods can also be constrained to edges by several means. One excellent option in certain situations is to apply ACR’s sharpening – it is extremely powerful and lets you very easily constrain sharpening to edges. I do not always use this, but in certain images (for example those in which I want edge sharpening but want to avoid sharpening noise in uniform areas) it is a great technique. And it is also reversible and/or adjustable later on if you make sure to move the image to CS4 as a smart object.

    In almost all situations this is a far better way to sharpen that applying the old “hard sharpening” that alters image data – and it is much easier than some of the workarounds that used to be necessary in older versions of Photoshop. Those methods are, in many cases, now anachronisms.

    While this is almost always the best approach, there are more complex situations in which the use of masks and more exotic sharpening techniques can still pay off.

    Dan

  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/sammers05/ Samantha Decker

    Thanks so much for this, I had never heard of it and I just tried it and I like it a lot better than the traditional sharpening method! It looks a lot more high quality!

  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/crazydude Arun

    Great post. I really found this method of Sharpening very useful, and very good… I was wondering what could be the best way to do the sharpening.. Now you’ve shown it to me… Thanks!

  • Chris Sutton

    Great article – thank you. Appears to give a more controlled approach to sharpening and I likme the additional tip from Dean above to only sharpen parts of your image.

  • http://www.yellowhousephoto.com Tyson

    As stated in the article, the reason this is so useful is for those of us on ancient versions of photoshop, USM, Smart Sharpening, or ACR are not available.

    High Pass Filter is available to just about everyone with any version of photoshop, barring they have some of the original early 90s versions.

  • eugeneonly

    Thank you very much for this information. I didn’t know there is this way of sharpening

  • Jane

    I have been teaching this method of sharpening in my classes for a while now. Just as it says, you often get great effect in just sharpening around the edges. With a layer mask, you can then erase the parts of the image that you don’t want to sharpen, and again, like all of the best features of photoshop, it’s non-destructive.

    Thanks, I’m going to point my students to this page to ensure they have a clear and concise explanation of how it’s done.

  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/servo101/ servo101

    Excellent tutorial. I’ve mostly been using Smart Sharpen on CS4 but this is way better and I see better results. here is an example of a shot where I used the High Pass filter for sharpening

    [http://www.flickr.com/photos/servo101/3517678861/]

    As you can see, the edges on the dog’s fur are very well defined.

  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/servo101/ servo101

    Sorry, mistake in link…they should really allow edits to comments…

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/servo101/3517678861/

  • http://www.mutinydesign.co.uk Suzanne Lednor
  • Rusty Sterling

    This is a great technique. I’ve been using it a lot lately (almost too much but I’m playing and getting comfortable with the technique). The only thing I’ve found is that it hasn’t been useful when I only want to sharpen a portion of a shot — the eyes of a subject for example. But for an entire image it works just great.

  • http://www.flickr.com/mykaleidoscope nina_s

    thanks for the tutorial.. me too have been wondering how to use the high pass filter for sharpening purposes.. it’s been a great help! have a nice day!

  • http://www.sjlwebdesign.co.uk Sam Logan

    Thanks for the tutorial, I love this technique, it’s works a lot better than the traditional sharpening tool.

  • http://www.nicholasdown.net Nicholas Down

    A useful addition to this technique, courtesy of Martin Evening and Jeff Schewe is to use the Blend IF sliders in the sharpening layer if you want to only sharpen the mid-tones. For instance, set the Blend IF to sliders to split at about 75-125 and 165-210 (aproximate values).
    This technique is discussed in their book entitled Adobe CS4: The Ultimate Workshop( 2009)

  • Gustaf

    When I use this technique I always use the blend mode “Linear light” and that’s the way I’ve been taught. I don’t know how different it is but I’m really pleased with the results.

  • Doree

    Just want to thank the author for the nice tutorial as well as all the commentators for the great tips. Very useful. I have recently discovered the power of the “blend-if” sliders and am looking forward to trying it out on some of my sharpening jobs.

  • http://www.kent-website-designer.co.uk/ Web Design Kent

    Ive used this technique for some years. My rule of thumb is not to let the colour come through in the Overlay Blend to avoid over sharpening.

  • http://www.andreafine.com Andrea

    Excellent article! I don’t normally sharpen at all. I’ve always hated the halo effect I got with sharpening filters, but this way you have so much control you can just inch it along to the point where it looks ideal. Thanks!

  • http://www.reynoldsdigital.com Reynolds Web Design

    I think the technique is good but I always think the lenses should be top quality rather than make up for it in photoshop.

  • The Naked Photographer

    I agree with Reynolds Web Design, a sharp image comes from knowing how to use your camera not software. Your trying to compare apples to oranges with this technique against Unsharp Mask. Yes the old timers know what this filter (unsharp mask) is used for and its not a sharpening tool or trick, its a filter and it has its place. When used correctly it has great results. Depending on what your doing using your trick has its place but its not better than Unsharp Mask because its not the same affect…. So what your really doing is using the high pass filter to simulate sharpness… this works but there are lots of ways to sharpen an image that are better in my opion.

  • http://www.restonwaste.co.uk Danny Childs

    Good technique rather than the usual photoshop sharpening. I also use Photokit sharpener with some excellent results.

Some older comments

  • Danny Childs

    September 12, 2011 10:04 pm

    Good technique rather than the usual photoshop sharpening. I also use Photokit sharpener with some excellent results.

  • The Naked Photographer

    June 24, 2011 05:21 pm

    I agree with Reynolds Web Design, a sharp image comes from knowing how to use your camera not software. Your trying to compare apples to oranges with this technique against Unsharp Mask. Yes the old timers know what this filter (unsharp mask) is used for and its not a sharpening tool or trick, its a filter and it has its place. When used correctly it has great results. Depending on what your doing using your trick has its place but its not better than Unsharp Mask because its not the same affect.... So what your really doing is using the high pass filter to simulate sharpness... this works but there are lots of ways to sharpen an image that are better in my opion.

  • Reynolds Web Design

    June 18, 2011 04:33 am

    I think the technique is good but I always think the lenses should be top quality rather than make up for it in photoshop.

  • Andrea

    February 5, 2010 04:03 am

    Excellent article! I don't normally sharpen at all. I've always hated the halo effect I got with sharpening filters, but this way you have so much control you can just inch it along to the point where it looks ideal. Thanks!

  • Web Design Kent

    December 12, 2009 09:32 am

    Ive used this technique for some years. My rule of thumb is not to let the colour come through in the Overlay Blend to avoid over sharpening.

  • Doree

    November 12, 2009 05:44 am

    Just want to thank the author for the nice tutorial as well as all the commentators for the great tips. Very useful. I have recently discovered the power of the "blend-if" sliders and am looking forward to trying it out on some of my sharpening jobs.

  • Gustaf

    September 24, 2009 06:29 am

    When I use this technique I always use the blend mode "Linear light" and that's the way I've been taught. I don't know how different it is but I'm really pleased with the results.

  • Nicholas Down

    August 14, 2009 09:18 pm

    A useful addition to this technique, courtesy of Martin Evening and Jeff Schewe is to use the Blend IF sliders in the sharpening layer if you want to only sharpen the mid-tones. For instance, set the Blend IF to sliders to split at about 75-125 and 165-210 (aproximate values).
    This technique is discussed in their book entitled Adobe CS4: The Ultimate Workshop( 2009)

  • Sam Logan

    August 8, 2009 08:43 pm

    Thanks for the tutorial, I love this technique, it's works a lot better than the traditional sharpening tool.

  • nina_s

    July 31, 2009 04:28 pm

    thanks for the tutorial.. me too have been wondering how to use the high pass filter for sharpening purposes.. it's been a great help! have a nice day!

  • Rusty Sterling

    May 22, 2009 02:51 am

    This is a great technique. I've been using it a lot lately (almost too much but I'm playing and getting comfortable with the technique). The only thing I've found is that it hasn't been useful when I only want to sharpen a portion of a shot -- the eyes of a subject for example. But for an entire image it works just great.

  • Suzanne Lednor

    May 13, 2009 11:44 pm

    Great tutorial for more details we have a similar version

    http://www.mutinydesign.co.uk/web-design-resources/sharpening-photographs-in-photoshop-using-the-high-pass-filter

  • servo101

    May 12, 2009 07:01 pm

    Sorry, mistake in link...they should really allow edits to comments...

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/servo101/3517678861/

  • servo101

    May 12, 2009 07:01 pm

    Excellent tutorial. I've mostly been using Smart Sharpen on CS4 but this is way better and I see better results. here is an example of a shot where I used the High Pass filter for sharpening

    [http://www.flickr.com/photos/servo101/3517678861/]

    As you can see, the edges on the dog's fur are very well defined.

  • Jane

    May 9, 2009 12:44 pm

    I have been teaching this method of sharpening in my classes for a while now. Just as it says, you often get great effect in just sharpening around the edges. With a layer mask, you can then erase the parts of the image that you don't want to sharpen, and again, like all of the best features of photoshop, it's non-destructive.

    Thanks, I'm going to point my students to this page to ensure they have a clear and concise explanation of how it's done.

  • eugeneonly

    May 9, 2009 09:51 am

    Thank you very much for this information. I didn't know there is this way of sharpening

  • Tyson

    May 9, 2009 07:13 am

    As stated in the article, the reason this is so useful is for those of us on ancient versions of photoshop, USM, Smart Sharpening, or ACR are not available.

    High Pass Filter is available to just about everyone with any version of photoshop, barring they have some of the original early 90s versions.

  • Chris Sutton

    May 8, 2009 10:12 am

    Great article - thank you. Appears to give a more controlled approach to sharpening and I likme the additional tip from Dean above to only sharpen parts of your image.

  • Arun

    May 8, 2009 05:05 am

    Great post. I really found this method of Sharpening very useful, and very good... I was wondering what could be the best way to do the sharpening.. Now you've shown it to me... Thanks!

  • Samantha Decker

    May 7, 2009 01:54 pm

    Thanks so much for this, I had never heard of it and I just tried it and I like it a lot better than the traditional sharpening method! It looks a lot more high quality!

  • G Dan Mitchell

    May 7, 2009 10:59 am

    You start with a fundamentally inaccurate statement: "The Unsharp mask has historically been the sharpening tool that most Photoshop users start out using. There are, however, different and better tools to use and one of these is the High Pass filter. One reason for this is that the Unsharp mask operates on the actual image pixels and it makes changes to those pixels."

    In CS4 the best way to apply sharpening - USM or smart sharpening - is generally to do it in a smart layer. This does NOT "operate on the image pixels" (if by that you mean "rewrite the underlying image data"). Sharpening applied this way is completely undoable and/or modifiable at a later date.

    Not destructive sharpening methods can also be constrained to edges by several means. One excellent option in certain situations is to apply ACR's sharpening - it is extremely powerful and lets you very easily constrain sharpening to edges. I do not always use this, but in certain images (for example those in which I want edge sharpening but want to avoid sharpening noise in uniform areas) it is a great technique. And it is also reversible and/or adjustable later on if you make sure to move the image to CS4 as a smart object.

    In almost all situations this is a far better way to sharpen that applying the old "hard sharpening" that alters image data - and it is much easier than some of the workarounds that used to be necessary in older versions of Photoshop. Those methods are, in many cases, now anachronisms.

    While this is almost always the best approach, there are more complex situations in which the use of masks and more exotic sharpening techniques can still pay off.

    Dan

  • Deirdre

    May 7, 2009 05:56 am

    I use the high pass filter for sharpening sometimes, because sometimes I prefer the way it looks to the unsharp mask.

    I am confused here though. It seems you are saying that one can't run the unsharp filter on a new layer or that one can't erase or selectively sharpen with the unsharp filter? I use the unsharp filter to selectively sharpen all the time. I'm not sure what you're saying.

  • none

    May 7, 2009 05:52 am

    Thanks for the tutorial- i've been wanting to learn how to use the high pass ever since my friend told me about it...

  • Shannon

    May 7, 2009 04:32 am

    I've used this method for a long time as well. I usually use a radius of 5 for my high-res images ( a lower number for smaller res) with soft light blending. I occasionally use overlay if I need a tad more sharpening.

  • Richard Haber

    May 7, 2009 03:01 am

    I have also been taught to sharpen heavily at first so that you can see the effect clearly and then use the opacity slider on the sharpening layer to attenuate it to a reasonable level.

  • Michael VanDeWalker

    May 7, 2009 12:04 am

    I've been using this method for years. Be sure to look at sections of the image at 100% as it can be easy to over sharpen. I find often a radius of .5 or 1 is enough.

  • The_Stig

    May 6, 2009 11:42 pm

    Excellent tip. Thanks for the article.

  • Riyazi

    May 6, 2009 11:27 pm

    I have been using this method as well and find it to be the most effective. I didn't know about the smart filters part - that will be useful for the future.

  • Victor Augusteo

    May 6, 2009 10:59 pm

    Somehow i believe u can achieve similar result as this high pass filter with the clarity slider in lightroom. just use the slider to +100 or somewhere along there. Correct me if i'm wrong tho :)

  • Dean

    May 6, 2009 10:36 pm

    There's more to this sharpening technique... Let's say there's parts of the photo you "don't" want sharpened... like someone's skin in a portrait. You can actually erase some of the sharpening by opening the color pallet and setting it to 50% gray. Then just use the paint brush in any area on the high pass layer that you don't want sharpened.

  • vandergus

    May 6, 2009 09:49 pm

    Another advantage to high pass sharpening is the ability to selectively sharpen certain areas of the image using layer masks. For example, if you wanted to bring more attention to the eyes in a portrait without exaggerating imperfections in the skin, you could selectively sharpen just the eyes. High pass sharpening is a very powerful and highly customizable technique and it's good to see it getting a little more attention. Thanks Darren.

  • QPT

    May 6, 2009 08:43 pm

    I've been using this method for all my sharpening since I discovered it. I like to crank the Radius up to 250px sometimes for a grungy high contrast look.

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