How to do Landscape Panoramic Photography

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Have you ever been somewhere with a great view and taken a picture with your widest lens, but wished you had an even wider one that could capture the whole scene?

That is how panoramic photography was born in the 1840s when the pioneer photographers started using Daguerreotype plates pieced together to form very wide-angle scenes.

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This panoramic image showing San Francisco from Rincon Hill was photographed by Martin Behrmanx in 1851. It is believed that the panorama initially had 11 plates, but the original daguerreotypes no longer exists.

An image showing a field of view greater than that of the human eye, about 160° by 75° or an aspect ratio of 2:1, or larger may be considered panoramic.

Even thou there is specialized equipment for panoramic imaging, we still find ourselves using the same simple techniques of merging images together more than 150 years later, but now using digital cameras and photo merging software to achieve similar results.

This is a simple and beginner’s approach on how to create a panoramic image like this one:

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This amazing view of The Dom Luís I Bridge in my hometown Oporto, Portugal, was created by merging four vertical images into a high-resolution panorama.

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Shooting your panorama

To make sure you get good results in you panorama merging, it’s important to use Manual settings in you camera and try to have similar exposure, focus and white balance in all your images.

In this particular case, the images were photographed with a 20mm lens in a full frame camera body at f/16, 1/125th and ISO100. The focus was set to infinity and the white balance was set at 5500K.

It’s also really important to have at least 30% overlapping between images so that the software can have enough pixels to merge and make the blending seamless.

The more rigorous you are during the image exposure step, the more likely you are to have better results in your final image. The use of a tripod and a bubble level are recommended tools, but on a day with good light you might get away with handheld camera images, as long as you try to follow the horizon line or some reference points for the image overlapping.

The number of images you need depends on the field of view you want to cover, but always try to photograph more area than you need so you can crop after the merging process. Portrait or vertical images are usually a better option because they give a better height and therefore higher resolution to the final image.

Stitching your panorama

As for the stitching process, here are the basic beginner steps in Adobe Photoshop, but keep in mind that there is a lot of software options for this kind of editing that can be taken further with vertical, 360º or multi-row stitching which are a lot more complicated.

  1. Open Photoshop
  2. File > Automate > Photomerge
  3. Browse and select the images for the panorama
  4. Click the “Auto” option in the Layout area
  5. Click the “Blend Images Together” option
  6. Click OK to start the stitching process

You will end up with a final stitched image like this:

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The layer masks are really helpful if you have moving objects, or difficult areas in your image that look weird after stitching and can be edited to enhance the blending.

Now you can flatten the image and just choose the best crop area for your panorama.

So, just add this technique to your bag of tricks and give it a try next time you spot a panoramic view.

Read more from our Post Production category

Ivo Guimaraes is a Portuguese photographer and college teacher. His passion for lighting and image editing has gotten him to the next level in studio photography and led him to work with leading brands in the Portuguese market. You can check some more of his work on his blog and Youtube channel.

  • This is a good beginners guide. The software does most of the hard work, but it is often necessary to inspect seams to make sure things add up.

    Anyone looking to get more into panoramic shooting (or have been frustrated by features that just don’t seem to line up) should do some research on the no-parallax point/nodal point to make for cleaner stitching. There are plenty of resources out there and I’d butcher an explanation of it here, but it is important and can save many headaches in the post processing. It would be great to see a post on DPS about this! (Discussed a bit here but not detailed enough: http://digital-photography-school.com/hdr-vertorama-photography-create-mind-bending-images/)

    Also, be sure to keep in mind that in shooting your panoramic image, you can go vertical as well as horizontal (portrait v. landscape). Here’s an example of a vertical 3 image 26MP panoramic that I made from my 12MP Canon 450D https://www.flickr.com/photos/jdlais/14757688731/in/album-72157645792583945/

    Lastly, more complex stitching can be done to include insane amounts of data such as this 83MP HDR multi-row panoramic made from 42 12MP individual images. (14,300 x 5800) https://www.flickr.com/photos/jdlais/14479896412/in/album-72157645257731365/

  • Michel

    Don’t worry if you don’t have Photoshop : Hugin is an open source alternative for making panorama and gives excellent results too 🙂

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  • On a side note.. the panorama feature in Lightroom CC seems to work nicely. I had a scene with kids moving about; 6 shots of the scene stitched together and no ghosting issues from the movement and all without leaving LR 🙂

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  • One of the biggest problems I see with people struggling to make panoramas is that they use the full wide angle setting of their lens and then they have problems stitching the image because of wide angle distortion. They end up having to crop a lot of the top and bottom of their images. It is best to always zoom out a bit to prevent vignetting and edge distortions. You may have to shoot an extra couple of frames but the stitching process will be much smoother and you won’t lose as much top and bottom area in the final image.

  • This is really amazing to caption pic by panoramic mode. With the help of that you can caption 360 degree caption and make your memories memorable.

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  • Aun Ally Agha

    I have been doing this for almost a year now. I started out with this one(the link below). Stitched a dozen photos together and was amazed by the result. It is nice to see that someone made a tutorial on this. Good job mate!

    https://500px.com/photo/104154337/it-s-a-wonderful-world-by-aun-ally-agha?from=user_library

    You can see more of my panoramas on this link:

    https://500px.com/aunaa

  • Same with Microsoft ICE, does a great job and it’s free

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