Enhancing Midtones in Photoshop - Digital Photography School

Enhancing Midtones in Photoshop

enhancing-midtones-before_after.jpg

If you’re a Photoshop and Lightroom user you may, like me, love the Clarity adjustment in Lightroom and wish it were available in Photoshop too. The Clarity slider lets you adjust the contrast in the midtones of an image which gives an over all sharpening and color boost to the image midtones.

As yet, there is no Clarity tool in Photoshop (although there is one in Camera RAW). There is, however, a technique which has been popularized by Mac Holbert which does a similar thing. While the Photoshop technique is more cumbersome than using the Clarity slider in Lightroom it does work very well and gives very similar results.

Once you’ve performed the fix a couple of times you may want to create this as an Action so that you can run it on your images at any time you need to do boost the midtones.

Step 1

For an already flattened image, duplicate the background layer by right clicking it and choose Duplicate Layer.

For an image that already has multiple layers, click the topmost layer and press Ctrl + Alt + Shift + E to create a merged layer to work on.

enhancing-midtones-step1.jpg

Step 2

In the layers palette set the Blend Mode of this new top layer to Overlay and set its Opacity to somewhere around 20 to 25 percent.

enhancing-midtones-step2.jpg

Step 3

Select the Add a Layer Style button at the foot of the Layers palette and choose Blending Options.

enhancing-midtones-step3.jpg

In the Blend If section of the dialog, locate the This Layer slider. Drag the indicators under the slider in to approximately one-third of the width of this slider so you’re dividing it into thirds.

Hold the Alt key (Option on the Mac) to divide each slider into two pieces and position the outside halves at approximately the 1/6th mark, use the image as a guide.

The positioning of the sliders does not have to be exact. All you’re doing here is removing the very lightest pixels and the very darkest pixels on this top layer from this fix, so it remains applied to the midtones only.

By splitting the sliders, you’re ensuring that there is a gradual change from where the effect is applied and not applied.

Step 4

If you’re using Photoshop CS3 or CS4, you can convert the topmost layer to a Smart Object before continuing. To do this, right click the top layer and choose Convert to Smart Object.

enhancing-midtones-step4.jpg

Step 5

Choose Filter > Other > High Pass and set the Radius to approximately 50 pixels. Click Ok.

The High Pass filter sharpens the image and the Overlay fix applies a contrast and saturation boost. The Blend If sliders ensure that the fix is applied only to the image midtones.

enhancing-midtones-step5.jpg

Step 6

Any of these adjustments can be changed. You can adjust the Radius of the High Pass filter to a larger or smaller value and, if desired, increase or decrease the layer Opacity to apply more or less of a contrast boost.

enhancing-midtones-step6.jpg

You can also adjust the Blend If sliders to apply the fix to a larger or smaller range of the image tones.

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Helen Bradley is a Lifestyle journalist who divides her time between the real and digital worlds, picking the best from both. She writes and produces video instruction for Photoshop and digital photography for magazines and online providers world wide. She has also written four books on photo crafts and blogs at Projectwoman.com.

  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/mdutile/3288579701/in/set-72157615768661566/ Matt

    Would not a similar and yet easier process just be to add an S curve in on the Curves layer? Seems like a lot of work for the same effect.

  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/poisonberry/ Scott

    Egads, I don’t know how you do it Helen. I am adding this article to the “ummm, what?” bin like the last one.

  • Peter Latham

    You can open jpegs and tiffs in Camera raw and use the clarity adjustment in Photoshop along with all the other adjustments.

  • jon

    how would you do this in Aperture?

  • MariaV

    Excellent. Thank you, Helen. I’m going to do a comparison to see if there is a difference between doing it this way and modfying curves.

  • http://www.MoreSatisfyingPhotos.com Jeffrey Kontur

    I just think it’s frikkin’ sweet that you can split pointers to create a feathered effect!

  • http://www.shinkadesign.com/ Kyle

    Aperture has a ‘Definition’ slider which is similar in effect to the ‘Clarity’ slider in Lighroom.

  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/crazydude/ Arun

    Thanks a ton. This was something I always used to search for in Photoshop. This is particularly useful when you have bright highlights and dark areas too… And I have confronted that a lot!!! Let me play around with this to find more! :)
    Thanks again!

  • http://kingsleywillis.com Kingsley

    Seems a bit complicated. Why not use curves? It would be much faster. Just a thought. Thanks for sharing this.
    ~Kingsley

  • http://www.dfluence.com Tripp Regan

    If you want to an easy path to unlocking the powers of Photoshop, get to know your blending sliders. They provide so much power to image manipulation.

    Combine them with layer adjustments to target a subset range, blended seamlessly.

  • jenny

    Thank you so much for your tutorial, what a wonderful introduction to the flexibility of Photoshop. I did use curves before stumbling on your tutorial, but now I see that using Curves is comparable to using a cleaver for fruit carving instead of a paring knife

Some older comments

  • jenny

    July 24, 2009 12:22 pm

    Thank you so much for your tutorial, what a wonderful introduction to the flexibility of Photoshop. I did use curves before stumbling on your tutorial, but now I see that using Curves is comparable to using a cleaver for fruit carving instead of a paring knife

  • Tripp Regan

    July 22, 2009 06:13 am

    If you want to an easy path to unlocking the powers of Photoshop, get to know your blending sliders. They provide so much power to image manipulation.

    Combine them with layer adjustments to target a subset range, blended seamlessly.

  • Kingsley

    July 19, 2009 06:18 am

    Seems a bit complicated. Why not use curves? It would be much faster. Just a thought. Thanks for sharing this.
    ~Kingsley

  • Arun

    July 18, 2009 01:10 pm

    Thanks a ton. This was something I always used to search for in Photoshop. This is particularly useful when you have bright highlights and dark areas too... And I have confronted that a lot!!! Let me play around with this to find more! :)
    Thanks again!

  • Kyle

    July 18, 2009 02:36 am

    Aperture has a 'Definition' slider which is similar in effect to the 'Clarity' slider in Lighroom.

  • Jeffrey Kontur

    July 17, 2009 11:09 pm

    I just think it's frikkin' sweet that you can split pointers to create a feathered effect!

  • MariaV

    July 17, 2009 07:32 pm

    Excellent. Thank you, Helen. I'm going to do a comparison to see if there is a difference between doing it this way and modfying curves.

  • jon

    July 17, 2009 07:07 pm

    how would you do this in Aperture?

  • Peter Latham

    July 17, 2009 06:47 pm

    You can open jpegs and tiffs in Camera raw and use the clarity adjustment in Photoshop along with all the other adjustments.

  • Scott

    July 17, 2009 11:07 am

    Egads, I don't know how you do it Helen. I am adding this article to the "ummm, what?" bin like the last one.

  • Matt

    July 17, 2009 08:59 am

    Would not a similar and yet easier process just be to add an S curve in on the Curves layer? Seems like a lot of work for the same effect.

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