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5 Macro Photography Tricks to Make Your Images Stand Out

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Editor’s Note: This is the first article in a series on macro photography this week. Look for a new one each day for the next 7 days. The next newsletter will have them all if you miss any! 

In the world of macro photography, most of discussions seem to surround the technical aspects of this photographic art form. Amongst my colleagues, lens choice comes up a lot, along with the use of a flash, extension rings, and bellows.

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Dynamic and creative macro photographs.

I’d like to switch gears away from the technical, and share some of my tricks to help you creatively enhance your macro shots for added impact and emotive value. If you’re a photographic purist, (not that there is anything wrong with that!) you may not want to keep reading. These tricks provide definite enhancements to the natural environment – so if real is what are shooting for, this article may not be for you.

However, if you are looking to inject more creativity into your macro images, you may appreciate these easy, but high-impact, techniques and tricks.

 Creative Backgrounds

1) Macro Blues

Most macro shots seem to be of natural subjects, such as; flowers, plants, insects, webs, etc., that live under the blue sky of planet Earth. To enhance the point of view for these kinds of shots, try a using an old blue J-Cloth (it must have been washed many times to work well) as a background. You can drape it across nearby branches or rocks to provide a soft blue background that will make your flowers and spiderwebs pop.

Use a shallow depth of field (f/2.8 or less, depending on your lens) and keep the background at least 12 inches from your subject for best results. I use a Sigma 105mm for my macro work, and these settings work well for this lens. You may need to experiment a bit with your lens and subject.

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A macro background made from an old well-washed J-Cloth.

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Creatively draped J-Cloth background.

I like J-Cloths because I always have one handy at home, to grab and put in my pocket when I go on spontaneous photo walks and drives, and it fits easily in my camera bag or my pocket.  An old well-washed J-Cloth is the perfect shade of blue for my type of macro art. Newer ones that are out of the box, or that haven’t been used, are okay too but I find the blue is a little too dark. But try one for yourself and see which you prefer.

2) Better with Bokeh

If you really want to get really creative, go for big bokeh, those soft round(ish) blurred shapes in the background. I like the following technique because it emulates tiny light sources and adds a bit of mystery to your photos. Using this technique, you can create ethereal micro landscapes that look like they are from another planet!

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Mysterious Macro

Again this involves using a background material, in this case holiday wrapping paper. Look for plastic foil with a metallic coating. It costs a bit more than paper but it works great for creating macro bokeh, and you’ll have lots left over for actually wrapping gifts (of your amazing macro photos).

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Crinkled metallic gift wrap.

First crinkle the wrapping paper – scrunch it into a ball. If it’s the plastic type it will instantly “un-ball” itself, and you’ll have a wrinkled many faceted metallic backdrop. With this set up, you may also need a light source to bounce off the reflective metallic wrap, depending on where the sun is when you’re shooting. If I need light I usually use my iPhone flashlight, but if you have any other flashlight in your gadget bag it will work just as well. Just aim your light at about a 45 degree angle to the background, out of view of your subject, compose, use Live View if you have it, and your preview button to check the depth of field and bokeh effect. Adjust as needed. Make sure you have no big hot spots of light. Try using different colors of wrap as well. I always keep this gold colored stuff in my bag because I also use it as a reflector – which brings me to trick number three.

3) Reflectors

Just as in regular photography, there are times when you’ll need some additional brightness to light up parts of your macro subject. Once you’re up close and personal, you’ll often find shadows you didn’t see from your higher vantage point. In macro photography you may find a flash is often too much light, and the close quarters between your camera and the subject make soft lighting tricky. So try using a reflector.

I often use the gold side of the wrapping paper to reflect sunlight into shadows or dark spaces in my subject. I also have (but seem to have misplaced) a 12″ square of copper foil sheeting (you can find this in craft shops or stained glass shops). It’s thicker than aluminum foil so it stands up on its own, and can be bent into angles to suit your needs each time. The copper color gives a nice warm tone to your subject, and again it’s light weight, cheap, and tucks nicely into your bag. I duct taped the edges to avoid getting cut – copper edges are sharp!

Dew Drop In

Nature photographers either love or hate these last two tricks.

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4) The Spray Bottle

There’s nothing more crushing than getting up at 4:30 am in the summer to capture the sunrise and the morning dew, only to arrive at your destination to find things dry as a bone. Fear not Grasshopper. With your handy spray bottle of water, you can create dew drops for spiderwebs, leaves, flowers, and everything else you choose to photograph.

With a good soaking of water from your bottle, colors become more rich and saturated (is this where the term came from?), making for more vibrant and rich-looking photos.

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Water drops add interest, and a sense of a moment.

5) The Ultimate Droplet

Finally, if you need large drops, drips, or tears, nothing beats glycerine and an eye dropper.

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Micro macro landscapes with bokeh and glycerine drops

Glycerine is thick and viscous, and stays on your leaves and petals giving you a longer time to compose and shoot. The drips are syrupy and seem to stretch slower, so again you have more time to shoot. I don’t use glycerine in the natural environment though, only in my indoor macro studio. If you need thick drops for work in nature use white corn syrup, and use it sparingly. It’s super sweet and you don’t want the critters getting addicted.

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The creative macro photographer’s tool kit.

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Color contrast with a creative background and a spray of water.

Let’s wrap this up (excuse the pun).

To keep in your bag for your macro photography:

  • J-Cloths
  • Glittery plastic gift wrap
  • A sheet of Copper foil
  • Small spray bottle for water
  • Eye dropper and small container of white corn syrup (for outdoor shots) or glycerine for indoor macro work.

I’d love to know what other creative macro shots you can take using some or all of these tools and techniques. How do you feel about enhancing the environment for your macro shots?


macro-coverWant to learn more about macro photography? Check out Ed Versosky’s Introduction to Close-Up & Macro Photography ebook – just $10 (over 30% off) this week with coupon code: DPS. You will need to enter the code to apply the discount.

Read more from our Tips & Tutorials category

Alex Morrison is a professional fine art and nature photographer, accredited by The Professional Photographers of Canada. She was the Canadian Photographic Artist of the Year in 2009. She teaches photography, runs workshops and online classes on fine art and nature photography, as well as infrared and iphone photography. Her educational website with photography tips is at nature-photography-central.com. View her art photography portfolio here. Alex has a coupon code for her Infrared Post Processing e-book, use DPSTKS to save $12.00.

  • Bill Inaz

    When doing macro with dew drops don’t forget to see what’s in the drops. They are like lenses sometimes picking up objects in the ‘out of focus’ portion of the background.

  • Emence

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  • Mmmm

    Excellent advice, thank you!

  • thenaturephotog

    Great advice Biil, and great shot! Thanks for contributing.

  • Tom
  • Michael G

    For small homebrew reflectors for things like macro, check out embroidery hoops. They’re basically a ring within a ring meant to hold a piece of fabric drum-tight while you sew on it. You can put foil, metallic fabric, scrim material and just about anything thin in them and have a sturdy frame around it to hold, but it’s very light and easy to handle with one hand or prop against a branch or something. Plus, they come in tons of different sizes. You can get them cheap at Amazon or any local sewing/crafting store for a few bucks.

  • gotje

    cool advices.helped me gratefully thanks write my essay for me uk

  • Thanks for the great post and info.

  • elinkon

    These are at every thrift store for cheap!

  • Tonima Akter

    Very helpful post and awesome capture. These are very easy to understand. Thanks for sharing.

  • Jason Dries

    I will try some of these! All good suggestions.

  • Brilliant, I have been wondering how people achieve that kind of bokeh with their macro shots!

  • Julz D

    You can also try mixing glycerine with water in your spray bottle. I use this as a makeup artist to spray on models’ bodies, works a treat 🙂

  • Anket

    Helpful tips, I tried holiday wrapping paper tip.

  • Nice post… You are doing really good work. I appreciate your all post. Thanks a lot for sharing this type of great post.

  • Steve Skeen

    I really enjoyed this article. Some very ideas you have shared. I am going to try with handi-wipes, as they come in different colors.

  • pete guaron

    If some nature photographers hate the last two tricks, make sure it’s merely THEIR problem. I’m fed up with people who want to do something you don’t, telling you what you mustn’t do, for no better reason than their claim that it’s something they wouldn’t do!

    Photography is a personal study of what you see – and as such, you have every right to pursue it on YOUR terms, and to do whatever you want to do, to express yourself.

    My macro takes me in an entirely different direction – but I still thoroughly enjoyed reading your article and looking at all your tips. ALL macro photos interest me (and one of my photography friends, who lives a hundred miles away, but keeps in touch all the time), and through this kind of sharing, of your ideas and experiences, I gain thoughts or ideas that I can use in my own photography.

    Really appreciate the fact you take time out, to share your knowledge with the rest of us – just rather appalled to learn that some people out there take time out to criticise some of the ideas you’ve covered. Ignore them – take two more pics with spray all over the place, instead.

  • Trisha Gent

    Thanks so much!! Simple, but effective tips, some of which I have tried already, but some that are new to me. Definitely trying them out! This was a great article!

  • mzmony

    Never heard of a J cloth, had to look it up. It appears it is a Canadian thing similar to what we call handi wipes

  • There’s a google link to it in the article because I assumed that would be the case

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