Tips for Texturing Photographs

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A Guest post by Mary Andrade from Pam Photography.

Recently while I was processing an image, my husband, Peter, asked “Why take a perfectly good photograph and add texture?” I paused, fair question. I use texturing as to create unique one of a kind images. Recognizing that in almost every aspect of photography there are “rules of the road” to understand, and then knowingly break, I tried to gather more information about tips and techniques. I had trouble turning up information, so I reached out to Paul Grand and Jill Ferry, the creators of Flypaper Textures, whose work I have admired on Flickr. They have been gracious enough to answer my many questions, and share some images to illustrate key points.

Step 1: Pick an image that is a good candidate for texturing

First and foremost, texturing is not a way to fix photographs with problems. You know, garbage in, garbage out. When you first begin texturing photographs, look through your high-quality images for subjects that have a soft quality (flowers, misty mornings, etc) or are simple in terms of composition and the number of elements.

Step 2: Pre-visualize your end result

Texturing can be overwhelming, there are a lot of choices, ways to blend, and different ways to alter your image. Looking at examples is a good way to get clear on your end goal. The Flypaper Textures group on Flickr is active and a great place to go for inspiration.

Here are some things to consider before you begin:

  • What style do you want the texture to help create in your final image? A painterly quality like Impressionism or Turner moodiness? Or perhaps an old-Victorian quality like Shabby Chic? Or maybe you want something with more of a grunge feel.
  • Do you want to alter or sculpt the light in your image? For example, do you want the sky to be darker?
  • Do you want to add interest to any empty spaces in your photograph?

For example look at the difference between Paul’s image of a vineyard and Jill’s image of a vase of flowers. Both have a very different style and feel.

1 Vineyards PG.jpg

2 Powder blue monday.jpg

Below are my before and after images of sunset at a nearby pier. I wanted a distressed feel to the photograph, to add more interest to the sky, but did not want to significantly affect the colors. I chose a combination of textures that preserved the orange and yellow colors of the sunset and created a distressed edge around the image.

3 Before Pier.jpg

4 After pier.jpg

Thinking about what you want your final image to look like, before you consider which textures to use, will help you narrow down viable candidates.

Step 3: Pick a texture and modify it if necessary

This is the hard part. Paul characterizes this as the holy grail, Jill encourages experimentation. Jill and I both recommend, that if something isn’t working, stop. Pick it up again later. The good news is that over time it will start to become instinctual. As you begin texturing try:

  • Matching the color of the texture with the photograph.
  • Matching the strength of the texture with the subject. For example, softer textures for flowers, stronger textures for structures.
  • Looking for textures that can add interest to the photograph’s empty spaces.
  • Finding textures that will help sculpt the light. For example, a texture that has a darker area to help darken the sky.
  • Modifying a texture so that distracting spots and unwanted marks do not distract from the main areas of focus in your image.
  • Selecting a texture that will work with the sky. If you select the right texture for the sky, the other elements of the photograph will start to fall into place.

Take a look at two images that Jill created using different textures. There is a different feel and mood to them.

5 Flowers with texture 1 JF.jpg

6 Flowers with texture 2 JF.jpg

Or the unique results that Paul has achieved using different colored textures

7 Misty pines 1.jpg

8 Misty Pines 2.jpg

Below is an image of a monarch butterfly. I wanted a “shabby chic” feel to the image so I chose textures that were complimentary in color and strength. I reduced the opacity so the “crackle” feel of the texture didn’t overwhelm the image and removed the texture from the butterfly to help it standout.

9 Butterfly with purple flowers.jpg

As you start developing more experience with how textures will impact your images, Paul suggests:

  • Trying a cool texture for images that are too warm. For example, if a sky is too blue choose a texture with green color.
  • Change the texture’s color when you want a cross-processed effect

Step 4: Combine the texture (s) and the photograph

I won’t go through the step-by-step on how to combine textures and your photograph using Photoshop, but rather provide you with some things to consider as you merge them together.

Firstly, simplify the photograph’s native texture first. This may sound contradictory, take texture out so you can add it back in. You are creating a smooth canvas on which to layer elements that you personally select. Ways to do this include: Filters in CS5 such as HDR, Daubs, Watercolor all at a very low setting (around 10%) or the Topaz Labs Simplify filter.

Secondly, Use layer blend modes.

  • Paul and Jill’s go to blend modes are: Soft Light, Overlay, Multiple, and Hard Light.
  • Change the opacity to modify the texture’s impact.
  • Scroll through the blend modes with the opacity at 50%.
  • Duplicate a texture and try a different blend mode and/or opacity

Paul and Jill include “recipes” on their Flypaper and Flickr sites. I find these are often helpful when trying to get my head around what will give me a certain look and feel. Their recipes are more precise, but here are a few rules of thumb:

  • Soft look = soft texture + Screen blend mode + low opacity
  • Dramatic look = strong texture + Hard Light blend mode + low opacity

For example, compare these two images in terms of the strength of the texture and the quality of the effect.

10 Another beach.jpg

11 brushes.jpg

Overall Tips

There is a lot to consider when texturing. Here are some basic tips that will help you:

  • Don’t over-texture. Step back, turn off textures you’ve added and critically evaluate what you really need and what positively adds to the image.
  • Use texture to enhance a great image, not overwhelm it.
  • Layer textures, and then evaluate each one’s impact on the final product. Don’t be afraid to delete what is not necessary.
  • Texturing is a creative process that takes time and vision. When things are not working stop, or start over.

As I began texturing, I explored many free and fee options. I even started photographing textures myself. It’s not easy to get the quality and variety that I have found with Flypaper Textures. Paul and Jill’s background and experience shows in the textures they offer. Here is their link for more information and recipes.

For this image, I used Cirrus Skies and Tempest Seas from Flypaper Textures new Spring Painterly pack.

12 White Sands of New Mexico.jpg

About Paul Grand and Jill Ferry

Paul and Jill formed their international collaboration after discovering a shared interest in texturing on via Flickr. Paul, a formally trained artist, and Jill, a photographer and librarian, are both represented by Getty images and are successful book illustrators.

About Mary Andrade

Mary is one half of pam (Peter and Mary) photography. We are a husband and wife team that discovered our shared passion for photography a few years ago. We characterize it as a unique form of couples’ therapy that requires negotiation, compromise….and most difficult….the sharing of equipment. You can see our portfolio and blog at: Pam Photography.

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  • snafilter

    Wow! Thank You so much for sharing this…I had never considered doing something like this with any of my photographs and now I feel inspired to make the attempt.

  • Hi

    This is a really good article about textures and how they can be applied. Without having this software, which looks amazing BTW, one can alway do texturing manually using different layers and opacities in Photoshop.
    This is a bit more time consuming, but can also produce excellent results once you get the hang of it!

    My tip is to go out and shoot some textures! Like this one is would be useful for a landscape:

    http://kerstenbeckphotoart.wordpress.com/2011/03/23/a-horse-with-no-name/

    This dramatic rust can also be blended and toned down a bit for some interesting effects!

    http://kerstenbeckphotoart.wordpress.com/2011/03/21/rust-never-sleeps/

    Cheers and Happy Texturing! Erik

  • Thanks very much for this post Mary. The example photographs I think are very good & relevant (this has been a hot topic of debate on other dPS posts lately). I think using a texture on the pier sunset shot showed the most improvement over the original. I used a texture over this photograph of a surfer in Japan:

    http://jasoncollinphotography.com/blog/2011/1/28/philosophy-of-observing-or-acting-izu-japan-surfer.html

    I look forward to trying out your techniques.

  • Michele

    Great post! Thanks for the tips. Can’t wait to try some of these suggestions.

  • Thanks for the tips. I’ve just begun playing with textures and this was a great list of things to keep in mind.

  • Thanks for the post. I haven’t started using texture in my photographs yet, but this article has given me some idea about where to start.

  • Toni Aull

    Very well Illustrated and How it brought the photos from raw into a new birth of texture.

  • Thanks for the tips and comments! I can’t wait to try them too…..

    (Jason – I love what you did with the surfer)

  • Dave Marcus

    Very useful article; thank you.

    I would very much like to see a followup on creating textures.

  • Texturing everything isn’t how it’s done. You need to have the eye for it, and it’s only on some images that Texture has a huge effect.

    For eg, in your own examples, the shots of the dock silhouetted by the sunset & the misty forest don’t really look best in the textured ways – infact, the actual image needs to be retained the way they are for simple reasons –
    the silhouette of the dock with the clear (noiseless) skies and the colors makes for such a wonderful image and not forgetting the water splashes against the logs in a shimmering gold light! You can’t take away such vital elements using textures!
    second, the misty woods is being dulled by the texture you’ve added – my fav among the ones here being the flower vase since it defines the pic with more contrast and clarity!

    Basically, IMHO, textures need to augment the elements of your images, not override their presence! This is only my opinion, and everyone else have got theirs!

    Thanks!

    On the contrary, the other images do have a nice feel with the texture on –

  • hani hussein

    i am a beginner, how can i start learning texturing photos,and where i can find the tools of texturing ,is there software to download for texture.

  • arun, of course you’re entitled to your opinion, but I believe you’re wrong!
    You criticized my image of the trees in mist, but did you realize that both images are in fact textured?
    Also, Mary used those two images to show totally differing texture effects using the same image.
    You might also be interested to know that both versions are on my flickr account, but guess which version Getty have just taken up to manage? Yes, the duller version……:-)

  • Steve (oz_ollie)

    You’ve used some good examples of textured images Mary. They show how textures should be applied to enhance the artistic aspect of photography. I would have liked to see mote “before” shots but that’s just me.

    I nearly gave up on DPS this week after all the problems with recent articles but I’m glad to see things get back on track. I look forward to an article on creating textures for photographic is.

  • Just what I was looking for! Wonderful article. I have a few photos I’ve been wanting to “texture”.

  • Steve, if you go to our Flypaper Texture site you’ll see zillions of before/after mouse-overs and their texture recipes! 🙂

  • Leo Cumings

    Your tutorial prompted me to play with a lighthouse image I took last fall. Thanks for the inspiration.
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/39585889@N06/5694313654/

  • What a great image Leo! – I love how the effect on the edges pulls you into the image; the texture really compliments the lighthouse…..

  • This is an excellent article. the best explanation of texturing that I have seen.

  • Great article! Especially the part about simplifying the photograph’s native texture made me think … Thank you!

  • My beginner experimentation is posted on my blog. What fun!

  • Thanks for the article. I always shy away from adding too much to the original photograph. That being said, there’s always an application where this type of knowledge could come in handy. Thanks again!

  • [eimg link=’http://www.flickr.com/photos/haley_992/5744837877/’ title=’12/365′ url=’http://farm6.static.flickr.com/5185/5744837877_0d506c39a9.jpg’]

  • This was an excellent article! I have not tried texturing but now I am excited to give it a try. It is amazing how the feel of an image changes.

  • Love the article, texturing can give everything a unique and artistic look in a world where many people are taking very similar pictures, here are some of mine.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/marascaphotography/5663402813/in/photostream

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/marascaphotography/5687064547/in/photostream

  • Hi, I found this article interesting. Currently I am developing some MATLAB programming codes to make special effects on images. Found your blog useful to develop more effects.

  • ADEOYE

    I found this article quite informative – I am more determined to try texturing in my next work. Thanks

Some Older Comments

  • Aaron Angel June 13, 2011 06:08 am

    Hi, I found this article interesting. Currently I am developing some MATLAB programming codes to make special effects on images. Found your blog useful to develop more effects.

  • Marasca May 28, 2011 12:22 am

    Love the article, texturing can give everything a unique and artistic look in a world where many people are taking very similar pictures, here are some of mine.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/marascaphotography/5663402813/in/photostream

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/marascaphotography/5687064547/in/photostream

  • Jennifer Long May 25, 2011 07:52 am

    This was an excellent article! I have not tried texturing but now I am excited to give it a try. It is amazing how the feel of an image changes.

  • Haley May 23, 2011 05:24 am

    [eimg link='http://www.flickr.com/photos/haley_992/5744837877/' title='12/365' url='http://farm6.static.flickr.com/5185/5744837877_0d506c39a9.jpg']

  • SJCT May 21, 2011 12:41 am

    Thanks for the article. I always shy away from adding too much to the original photograph. That being said, there's always an application where this type of knowledge could come in handy. Thanks again!

  • Marlene May 20, 2011 12:19 pm

    My beginner experimentation is posted on my blog. What fun!

  • Harald Mühlhoff May 18, 2011 06:02 am

    Great article! Especially the part about simplifying the photograph’s native texture made me think ... Thank you!

  • Ann Jacobson May 17, 2011 01:09 am

    This is an excellent article. the best explanation of texturing that I have seen.

  • Mary May 9, 2011 11:40 am

    What a great image Leo! - I love how the effect on the edges pulls you into the image; the texture really compliments the lighthouse.....

  • Leo Cumings May 7, 2011 11:28 pm

    Your tutorial prompted me to play with a lighthouse image I took last fall. Thanks for the inspiration.
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/39585889@N06/5694313654/

  • Paul Grand May 4, 2011 04:36 pm

    Steve, if you go to our Flypaper Texture site you'll see zillions of before/after mouse-overs and their texture recipes! :-)

  • Marlene May 3, 2011 11:51 pm

    Just what I was looking for! Wonderful article. I have a few photos I've been wanting to "texture".

  • Steve (oz_ollie) May 3, 2011 05:07 pm

    You've used some good examples of textured images Mary. They show how textures should be applied to enhance the artistic aspect of photography. I would have liked to see mote "before" shots but that's just me.

    I nearly gave up on DPS this week after all the problems with recent articles but I'm glad to see things get back on track. I look forward to an article on creating textures for photographic is.

  • Paul Grand May 3, 2011 04:33 pm

    arun, of course you're entitled to your opinion, but I believe you're wrong!
    You criticized my image of the trees in mist, but did you realize that both images are in fact textured?
    Also, Mary used those two images to show totally differing texture effects using the same image.
    You might also be interested to know that both versions are on my flickr account, but guess which version Getty have just taken up to manage? Yes, the duller version......:-)

  • hani hussein May 3, 2011 02:04 pm

    i am a beginner, how can i start learning texturing photos,and where i can find the tools of texturing ,is there software to download for texture.

  • arun May 2, 2011 06:16 pm

    Texturing everything isn't how it's done. You need to have the eye for it, and it's only on some images that Texture has a huge effect.

    For eg, in your own examples, the shots of the dock silhouetted by the sunset & the misty forest don't really look best in the textured ways - infact, the actual image needs to be retained the way they are for simple reasons -
    the silhouette of the dock with the clear (noiseless) skies and the colors makes for such a wonderful image and not forgetting the water splashes against the logs in a shimmering gold light! You can't take away such vital elements using textures!
    second, the misty woods is being dulled by the texture you've added - my fav among the ones here being the flower vase since it defines the pic with more contrast and clarity!

    Basically, IMHO, textures need to augment the elements of your images, not override their presence! This is only my opinion, and everyone else have got theirs!

    Thanks!

    On the contrary, the other images do have a nice feel with the texture on -

  • Dave Marcus May 2, 2011 11:41 am

    Very useful article; thank you.

    I would very much like to see a followup on creating textures.

  • Mary Andrade May 2, 2011 09:05 am

    Thanks for the tips and comments! I can't wait to try them too.....

    (Jason - I love what you did with the surfer)

  • Toni Aull May 1, 2011 07:04 am

    Very well Illustrated and How it brought the photos from raw into a new birth of texture.

  • Lovelyn April 30, 2011 11:47 pm

    Thanks for the post. I haven't started using texture in my photographs yet, but this article has given me some idea about where to start.

  • Kyle Bailey April 30, 2011 01:44 pm

    Thanks for the tips. I've just begun playing with textures and this was a great list of things to keep in mind.

  • Michele April 30, 2011 09:35 am

    Great post! Thanks for the tips. Can't wait to try some of these suggestions.

  • Jason St. Petersburg Photographer April 30, 2011 06:17 am

    Thanks very much for this post Mary. The example photographs I think are very good & relevant (this has been a hot topic of debate on other dPS posts lately). I think using a texture on the pier sunset shot showed the most improvement over the original. I used a texture over this photograph of a surfer in Japan:

    http://jasoncollinphotography.com/blog/2011/1/28/philosophy-of-observing-or-acting-izu-japan-surfer.html

    I look forward to trying out your techniques.

  • Erik Kerstenbeck April 30, 2011 02:54 am

    Hi

    This is a really good article about textures and how they can be applied. Without having this software, which looks amazing BTW, one can alway do texturing manually using different layers and opacities in Photoshop.
    This is a bit more time consuming, but can also produce excellent results once you get the hang of it!

    My tip is to go out and shoot some textures! Like this one is would be useful for a landscape:

    http://kerstenbeckphotoart.wordpress.com/2011/03/23/a-horse-with-no-name/

    This dramatic rust can also be blended and toned down a bit for some interesting effects!

    http://kerstenbeckphotoart.wordpress.com/2011/03/21/rust-never-sleeps/

    Cheers and Happy Texturing! Erik

  • snafilter April 30, 2011 02:24 am

    Wow! Thank You so much for sharing this...I had never considered doing something like this with any of my photographs and now I feel inspired to make the attempt.

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