Macro Photography on a Budget

0Comments

Img 1

Close-up and macro photography continue to be popular with shooters of all levels. Practical applications include product detail shots, food photography, and technical illustration (see image below). But the fun and artistic motivations are undeniable; flowers, insects, creative abstract, and the excitement of discovering the hidden worlds found in everyday objects.

If you’ve been interested in doing some close-up and macro work, but don’t quite know how to get started, this article will show you how, without blowing your budget. Macro, in particular, is often accomplished with high-end specialty lenses and equipment, but there are ways to take impressive close-up and macro shots with little more than the gear you already have.

Img 2

Food and recipe images are featured in editorial as well as event photography. Here, a close-up shot of this delicious-looking cupcake provides context for the macro shot that follows. This shows how the power of close-up and macro can draw the viewer in and capture the imagination.

Here are three of my favorite low-cost techniques detailed in my new eBook, Introduction to Close-Up & Macro Photography:

Reverse Your Lens

If you’d like to get started right away, this technique works great and requires no extra investment. All you need is a camera that uses interchangeable lenses (most DSLRs do). Just remove the lens from the camera and hold it backward against the lens mount to get a high degree of magnification. Any lens will do, but a normal lens, or the lens that came with your camera will probably work best (e.g. 50mm or the 18-55mm kit lens).

Although this is an effective solution, you should be aware that your camera and lens won’t be able to communicate with each other when using this technique. That means no f-stop adjustments or automatic focusing. Fortunately, focusing won’t be a problem using this technique, and you can preset your lens to a specific f-stop using the aperture-locking trick I’ll detail below.

Here are the steps for using this technique:

  1. Press your camera’s lens release button to remove the lens from the
    lens mount.
  2. Turn the lens around in your hand so that the front of the lens is facing
    the camera mount.
  3. Carefully match up the front of the lens to the ring of the camera mount and hold it there when taking your shots as shown in the image below.
  4. As with many macro shooting solutions, the way you’ll focus on your subject is by moving the camera and lens toward, or away, from the subject, not by turning the focusing ring. You’ll be within two or three inchses of your subject (or less) when acquiring focus.
Reverse lens handheld

An 18-55mm lens held backward onto the camera’s lens mount.

Reversing Rings

You can also use an adapter called a reverse ring (or reversing ring) which will allow you to actually mount your lens onto your camera in the backward position. This inexpensive gadget (see image below) is made to screw onto the front of your lens, similar to a lens filter. The other side of the reversing ring fits onto your camera’s lens mount. Make sure to get a reversing ring that not only matches the filter size (thread diameter) of your lens, but also matches the lens mount of the type of camera you’re using.

Reverse ring

Reverse (reversing) ring fits onto the front of this 18-55mm lens via the lens filter thread.

Aperture-Locking Trick

Whether you’re using the handheld reverse lens technique, or a reversing ring adapter, you can set a specific f-stop, even though your lens is not electronically coupled to your camera. This technique may not work with your particular camera and lens combination, but it works with all of the DSLRs that I’ve used:

  1. 1. With the camera powered on, and the lens mounted onto the camera in the normal way, set the f-stop.
  2. 2. Press and hold the depth-of-field preview button.
  3. 3. While still holding the DOF preview button down, press the lens release button and remove the lens. The aperture will remain stopped down as shown below.
Aperture

Aperture locked-in at f/16 on this 85mm lens.

Other Budget-Minded Ways to Achieve Macro

Other ways to get good close-up and macro shots on a budget include the use of lens coupling rings, diopters, and extension tubes. Here’s an overview:

Coupling Rings:

A variation on the reverse lens technique is to use two lenses, connected front-to-front using another type of adapter called a coupling ring (below). In this case, one of the lenses is mounted to your camera normally, while the other is in the reverse orientation. The coupling ring features threading on both sides and fits on to the front of both lenses at the same time via the filter threads. Because coupling rings generally feature the same thread diameter on each side, the lenses you use with it will have to have the same filter diameter, or you’ll have to attach a step-up or step-down adapter to one or both lenses.

Coupling ring

Coupling Ring: (A) 58mm diameter coupling ring. (B) Two lenses connected via the coupling ring. Either lens can be mounted to the camera.

Be aware that a heavy lens coupled to a camera-mounted lighter (or less solidly built) lens can result in damage to one or both lenses because of the weight and stress placed on their front ends. Also, your camera-mounted lens will maintain the electronic contact with your camera, but the reverse-coupled lens will not, so you’ll have nearly the same limitations as you would with a single reversed lens.

Diopters:

One of the easiest ways to magnify your subject is with a simple filter-like attachment called a diopter (below). You can think of a diopter as a magnifying glass for your lens. They’re very easy to use; just screw one or more diopters onto your lens just like you would with any lens filter. An inexpensive set of diopters (often available for under $15) will give you several magnification levels to choose from. You’ll have to move in very close to your subject to achieve focus, and optical quality won’t always be as good as some of the other options presented here, but you might be very pleased with the results. Because they don’t cost much, are easy to use, and take up very little room in your camera bag, you might consider a set. Make sure to purchase diopters that fit the filter thread diameter of the lens you’ll be using them with.

Diopters

Diopters: (A) This set of Vivitar diopters was purchased for under $15. (B) The “10X Macro” diopter mounts just like a lens filter onto this 18-55mm kit lens.

Extension Tubes:

Finally, my favorite solution for macro on a budget; extension tubes. Your lens mounts to one end of an extension tube, while the other end of the tube mounts directly to your camera’s lens mount. Extension tubes effectively increase the focal length of your lens without adding any glass elements that might reduce optical quality. By doing so, your lens will be able to focus on small objects, at very close distances.

While a good set of extension tubes is going to cost significantly more than a cheap set of diopters, it’s still a bargain compared to an actual macro lens. Some sets feature manufacturer-specific electronic connectors that allow the camera and lens to communicate normally; this allows for aperture and focus control. Plus, your single set of extension tubes will work with all of your lenses; there’s no need for rings or adapters of different sizes for each lens diameter. Extension tubes can be purchased as a set with different lengths for varying degrees of magnification. The tubes can also be combined (stacked) for increased magnification as shown below.

Ext tubes 1

Extension Tubes: (A) Three extension tubes (13mm, 21mm, and 31mm) stacked onto an 18-55mm lens. (B) Set of extension tubes. (C) 50mm lens mounted onto all three extension tubes which are mounted onto a DSLR.

Img 3

The combination of colors, detail and depth-of-field of this photo, featuring a pollen covered anther of a flower, could have only been captured through macro photography. Extreme close-up and macro give you the opportunity to find amazing beauty in places your eyes might otherwise miss.

In this article, I’ve only provided a small sampling of the many ways to achieve quality close-up and macro images. I encourage you to explore the possibilities using one or more of these techniques, and to consider learning about other types of macro gear and lenses. The world of close-up and macro just might become your next photography obsession!

Read more from our Cameras & Equipment category

Ed Verosky is a photographer, instructor, and author based in New York. He has a great selection of photography tutorials and eBooks on his blog at edverosky.net.

  • Karbow

    I can’t wait to try the reverse lens. I have been wanting to try macro but did not know how to start or what to purchase. Thank you

  • Eman Malijan Andres

    how about lens with macro like sigma 70-300 apo dg ?
    ?? its ok ?

  • Andrew Mock

    I still get good macro results from my very old Kodak D6490 with an additional 10x optical magnifying lens adding to the 10x built in optical zoom for 100x total optical zoom. This is my dedicated macro camera now. Never get rid of anything!

  • Ed Verosky

    The Sigma is a good budget lens for close-up work (up to a 1:2 reproduction ratio), but you might still get better results by using a lens of a shorter focal length along with extension tubes for true macro.

  • Jaikangam Malangmei

    Sigma 70-300 mm is better or Tamron 70 – 300 mm is better???

  • Ed Verosky

    I would look at lens review sites and compare the features against what matters to you the most.

  • A great post. I’ve tried the reverse ring & extension tubes ( cheap non electronic ones) as well.
    What really gets me down is the lack of light, the availability of light hitting the sensor goes down, so the exposure time goes up, and the inability to control the aperture.
    Now I’m thinking of investing in a good set of ET ‘s and speedlight’s.
    But I have to admit and add here, Macro Photography is a completely different world all together. When one starts doing it we start to see the simple daily objects in an altogether different light. Its awesome simply love it.
    Sharing a pic I took with the extension tube. This is a Centimeter Scale Not an inch one.

  • Ed Verosky

    As noted in the post, there are ways to set the aperture prior to reversing the lens. Often times with macro, you have to use higher ISO settings to get faster shutter speeds. Or bring in more light. My eBook shows you all of those techniques. And you can see more ideas at my blog (edverosky.net).

  • I love macro extension tubes.. It works for now 🙂
    I used the extension tubes attached to my 50mm prime for this shot & natural light taken during the day. This was f/5.6 (set prior to attaching tubes).

  • I know there’s a way to control the aperture by the DOF Button but each time one has to make a minute adjustment, one has to remove the complete setup, reattach the lens and start the process all over again.

    Thanks for the link. Will check out your blog.

  • Ed Verosky

    Yes, and other people should note: you can also purchase extension tubes that have the electronic connections that allow you to adjust aperture and focus on your lens, via the camera, as normal.

  • Michael Owens

    Because I only do macro for personal satisfaction, I just use diopters.

    I could envisage using extension tubes, but never reverse mounting my lenses, I just don’t like that idea at all. Hehe. Personal opinion. Nothing more.

  • Michael Owens

    Ooh really? Cool.

  • Michael Owens

    I have the Tamron 70-300 and my sister in law has the Signa version, they both are the same imo, they do the job satisfactorily.

  • Michael Owens

    I use the tamron on macro setting along with diopters. Sturdy tripod and cable release makes for some superb macro shots like this.

  • Gonzalo Jara Oliveri

    Hi, the trick to remove the lens with a locked aperture is a canon lens thing or not? I’ve been trying it with my nikon lenses and as soon as i remove the lens, the aperture closes completely (going to the minimum aperture such as F/22)

  • Ed Verosky

    From what I understand, it does not work on some Nikon combinations. I’d either use a lens with a manual aperture adjustment ring or go with one of the other solutions. Aperture, by the way, is probably better if stopped down anyway in this case. Even so, you’ll still have a very shallow depth of field.

  • Shot Taken With Reverse Macro Ring 🙂

    For more Visit : https://www.facebook.com/pages/C-J-Photography/238015379679072?ref=bookmarks

  • oldrider

    All the comments so far have cheered me up immensely. I have just opted for a set of extension tubes with dedicated fittings for my Nikon D3200 and D5000 but had been concerned that I may have been wasting my money. The set I am waiting for (Christmas post allowing) are the same as those featured in this article. Another learning curve for me….

  • oldrider

    Sorry about this but another thought. Being a novice at macro can someone please advise if it is possible to use my Tamron 70-300 on a macro setting coupled with an extension tube? Or is that a stupid idea?

  • mohammed aslam

    sigma !

  • There’s some great tips here, I’ve tried a few of these like reversing lens, cheap extension tubes and the magnification filters and got some decent results.

    The solution I’ve found best though is to use a Canon 35-80mm lens (about £25 off ebay!), remove the front, and it gives you an awesome macro! Better than 1:1 ratio.

    The mod is easily reversible too if you still want to use the lens normally, but I just leave mine in macro mode.

    I wrote a blog about it here so you can see what to do and the results you can get, the dragonfly was taken with this cheap lens!

    http://chrismdale.co.uk/blog/?p=46

  • Ram

    Is there a similar technique for telefocus?

  • Allan

    I also got a cheap bellow for my Canon from China. There are no optics so the worst is the bellow leads light. (it doesn’t)

  • Lorri A

    I bought a set of extension tubes, with the electronic connectors. Every now and then the camera thinks there’s no lens attached, but I work around it. Definitely a cheaper way of starting on macro photography. And great fun too. This is my personal best macro shot so far. Clematis bloom. (20kn for speed of upload)

  • Virgilio Rodriguez Soto

    My Pic with extension tube

  • Lorri A

    Well worth the money, my shot above was achieved with a D3100 and the kit 18-55 lens

Join Our Email Newsletter

Thanks for subscribing!


DPS offers a free weekly newsletter with: 
1. new photography tutorials and tips
2. latest photography assignments
3. photo competitions and prizes

Enter your email below to subscribe.
Email:
 
 
Get DAILY free tips, news and reviews via our RSS feed