How to Create Realistic Looking HDR Photographs

0Comments

By Sean Ogle.

HDR photography has gotten a bit of a bad reputation, simply because so many people don’t know how or when to use it.

It kind of reminds me of my first experiences using Photoshop in high school. The only thing I knew how to do was open a photo, head to the filters, and create surreal, barely recognizable images.

That’s what I see many photographers doing with HDR today. They open up Photomatix or HDR Efex Pro and start making photos that look overly processed, overly saturated, and basically just all around over done.

Sure, there are people that like this look, but those photos overshadow the true benefits that HDR can bring to the table.

My favorite photos are the ones that look almost too real. You can tell they’ve been edited, but you aren’t exactly sure how.

With that said, the most practical use of HDR is when you’re trying to create a more realistic depiction of what your eye is actually seeing in any given scene.

This could be a landscape photographer trying to capture the perfect sunset over an ocean, or perhaps a real estate agent that’s trying to accurately show the interior of a home.

This shot of from the Jersey Shore is a good example of that:

NewImage

Without HDR there’s no way I’d be able to get the detail in the foreground, while also bringing out the colors of the sky.

What’s important here is the average person wouldn’t be able to tell this was an HDR image.

So what are some of the key components to making a realistic looking HDR shot?

Let’s take a look.

Take it Easy on the Saturation

This is one of the easiest mistakes to make with HDR. We tend to be drawn towards bright and vibrant colors, but when editing, even slight adjustments can have very significant effects.

Had I not touched the saturation with the photo above, this would look like a big orange mess after the initial HDR processing.

This is particularly important to keep in mind if you’re shooting outdoors in grassy park or forested areas. Green and yellows are the hardest colors to accurately reproduce when doing HDR, and the secret to getting them correct is to significantly reduce the saturation.

NewImage

HDR was used in this case in order to bring out the detail of the clouds, which were extremely dramatic in person. However, the saturation was turned down to -35% in HDR Efex Pro to create this image. Without doing that, the green looked completely unrealistic, and the foreground didn’t accurately capture the high desert surroundings.

Use a Tripod

Yes, this is an HDR 101 tip, but it’s extremely important. When going for realism, you want things to look as crisp and clean as possible. While the latest software actually does a surprisingly good job at correcting for minor shifts in images due to camera shake or a handheld series of brackets, it still isn’t perfect, and can leave things looking slightly fuzzy.

The biggest selling point for a realistic image is it’s clarity and this will work against you if you aren’t careful.

Consciously Make Adjustments to “Structure”

This is perhaps the biggest secret towards getting realistic HDR shots. Your eyes can see a lot more detail than a photo can capture. By very sparingly adjusting the structure setting (or the balance between HDR “strength” and “smoothing” in Photomatix), you can bring out just enough “pop” to make what might otherwise be a dull image seem much more lifelike.

Never use any settings or presets that are labeled “strong”, “grungy”, “accentuated”, “grainy” or anything similar. These are pretty much a dead giveaway that your photo is going to look fake. For many amateur photographers, it’s these effects that make a photo look “cool”, but if you’re going for realism, these are deal breakers.

However, like most aspects of HDR, structure can very easily be overdone.

Pay Attention to Your Histogram

The natural eye has a much higher dynamic range than a camera sensor, and because of this, if your brackets don’t capture the full range of light, you could find yourself with an image that isn’t quite the way you remember a scene looking.

As much as possible you want your underexposed shots all the way to the left, and your overexposed shots all the way to the right on your histogram. You may need to take more than 3 shots in order to capture the full range.

When shooting interiors with windows this is especially important. You don’t want whatever is outside to get blown out, so by making sure you’ve captured the full dynamic range you’ll be able to create a more realistic representation of the room and not lose any detail in the windows.

NewImage

One Final Thing to Keep in Mind

Every shot you take should have a purpose, and when you’re shooting, you should be very deliberate about that.

When you don’t have an idea of what you want the final result to be, it can be really easy to go overboard, and end with something that’s much more surreal than you were expecting.

If you’re shooting interior real estate, make sure you’re not losing detail outside. If you’re shooting landscapes, spend extra time adjusting for structure and saturation.

HDR is one of the very best ways to create stunning, realistic images, but only if you have the discipline to properly edit them.

Sean Ogle is an HDR photographer and entrepreneur. He specializes in helping people build small businesses that allow them to do more of the stuff they like to do. He also golfs way more than the average person probably should. DPS readers can grab his book 50 Tips to Improve Your HDR Photography for free here.

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  • Eric

    The author’s statement about the first photo is just wrong. You can’t say without HDR there is no way you could get the details in the foreground while also bringing out the colors in the sky.

    Ever heard of filters?

  • Jeff

    I agree that too much HDR out there is overprocessed and looks painfully unrealistic. I prefer to bring out the contrast that’s seen with the eye without going overboard on effects. Here’s a couple of examples:

    http://flic.kr/p/brAWbp
    http://flic.kr/p/9WNixt

  • mma173

    Excellent article but I would like to add
    Exposure fusion is the way to go for natural looking HDRs.

  • John

    I consider this a public service announcement.

  • Dear Digitalphotographyschool,
    I know what you mean, Hello I am interested in buying a camcorder. I either want an HDD or MiniDV camcorder. The main two camcorders i am looking at right now are the Sony HDR-HC7 (MiniDv) and Sony HDR-SR12(120Gib, Hard Disk Drive) which seem to be the best of both worlds based on reviews ive done on camcorderinfo.com, and cnet. Now the main reasonses i want the camcorder is to one take good opitical zoom (10 to 12megapixels is good right?), the ability to take good still pictures, and the ability to edit the videos. An extra plus would be to take good low light and regular/nightvision night picture.

    any help with info and a realistic comparision of specs whould be nice.

    All the Best

  • Jim McGregor

    Finally a HDR topic that teaches you how to use it correctly. I’m over all the over-done HDR shots

  • Carlos Comesanas

    Jeff, filters, I presume that you’re referring to neutral density ones, will never give you the power to compensate high differences in contrast, or the flexibility or the smoothness of tone of the HDR. This comment refers to your statement regarding picture number one, the sunset.

  • Albin

    This is a good articulation of principles I agree with – I like HDR that extends the natural range of any single shot but doesn’t look radioactive or cartoony. As for technique, rule 1 has to be “Know thy software”. In practical fact, it’s a learning curve to get what you want from all the algorithms that affect the image meld.

  • RJ

    This for the info. guys. I am very new to HDR photography. Love all the feed back. Thank you.

  • Pamela Frame

    I am new to the world of HDR, but I’ve rarely seen one that didn’t remind me of a cartoon or animated film. I think we are going WAY overboard with this style, and it will be called the fad of the 2010-20’s. Before I knew what “HDR” meant, and how they are made, I knew the style from watching Disney’s most recent films. I don’t think it takes a photographer to know that they have been altered.

    I’m not saying that it can’t be used artfully, just that it’s so rare.

  • james

    This is a great guide. I have tried my hand at HDR photography while I was staying at a beautiful spot in Devon called Burgh Island. I would love to hear what you think!

  • Jan Sessions

    “create realistic looking” says it all. If you set out to create it, it can’t look “realistic in my opinion. So much of the stuff is cartoonish looking and not real at all.

  • Dave Lister

    The fact remains that camera sensors simply are not capable of capturing the range of light and shadow that the human eye can see in a single shot, hence the need to re-create what we see in reality, through a technical trick of photography.

  • Dave Lister

    I agree with the basic premiss of this article and it’s a great guide to
    creating realistic images using hdr but what’s described as “overdone”
    images (at least the ones I like) have always reminded me of the school of painting know as Photo Realism best represented by painters such as ?Richard Estes and ?Ralph Goings Maybe not to everyone’s taste but it can be a valid artistic choice and
    who are we to tell another artist what is or isn’t allowed.

  • John Lindroth

    How do you handle the white balance for interiors? This has been my biggest challenge. Outside will likely be either Daylight or Overcast, interior is often mixed between Shade if there are big windows and then either tungsten or fluorescent (or worse a combination of both). I usually shoot for the interior lighting, then add in the exterior exposure with a layer mask in photoshop. Takes a long time.

  • Jen

    So glad someone covered this topic.
    I am a real estate photographer and see HDR used badly every day. That dark, overly detailed dramatic look doesn’t do real estate photos justice. Instead it looks plastic and fake.
    I use it to pull out dark shadows and tone down whites but stop there.

  • Leif Bonven

    There are too many exaggerated HDR processing, it is really a shame for HDR used to show a realistic moment is great, but it will probably always get depends on how the photographer remembers and sees the situation when he presses the button

  • David2014

    A great plugin for LIghtroom is called Enfuse. It takes bracketed photos and blends them together with none of the overbaked garbage of HDR. I’ve thrown Photomatix in the trash and just use this plugin exclusively when I need to.

  • Raj_007

    That book link doesn’t work for me. Anybody else having this problem?

  • Fred Santos

    yeah it says 504 gateway timeout

  • Raj_007

    Exactly.

  • Calum Lewis

    I do like some HDR but like you say the ridiculously over saturated unrealistic ones give it a bad name, its great to be able to capture all the highlights of the foreground while maintaining a great sunset in the background

Some Older Comments

  • james August 27, 2013 01:00 am

    This is a great guide. I have tried my hand at HDR photography while I was staying at a beautiful spot in Devon called Burgh Island. I would love to hear what you think!

  • Pamela Frame July 13, 2013 04:13 am

    I am new to the world of HDR, but I've rarely seen one that didn't remind me of a cartoon or animated film. I think we are going WAY overboard with this style, and it will be called the fad of the 2010-20's. Before I knew what "HDR" meant, and how they are made, I knew the style from watching Disney's most recent films. I don't think it takes a photographer to know that they have been altered.

    I'm not saying that it can't be used artfully, just that it's so rare.

  • RJ July 12, 2013 05:20 am

    This for the info. guys. I am very new to HDR photography. Love all the feed back. Thank you.

  • Albin July 12, 2013 04:32 am

    This is a good articulation of principles I agree with - I like HDR that extends the natural range of any single shot but doesn't look radioactive or cartoony. As for technique, rule 1 has to be "Know thy software". In practical fact, it's a learning curve to get what you want from all the algorithms that affect the image meld.

  • Carlos Comesanas July 12, 2013 04:26 am

    Jeff, filters, I presume that you're referring to neutral density ones, will never give you the power to compensate high differences in contrast, or the flexibility or the smoothness of tone of the HDR. This comment refers to your statement regarding picture number one, the sunset.

  • Jim McGregor July 12, 2013 03:09 am

    Finally a HDR topic that teaches you how to use it correctly. I'm over all the over-done HDR shots

  • Steve July 11, 2013 05:18 pm

    Scenes of old come out well in a realistic hdr style

    http://wildlifeencounters.photoshelter.com/gallery-image/Old-England/G0000MOp2nlRJG9s/I0000ZVPcXX96L7U/C0000KeBDGBBOd0E

  • Mike@ ebook shop July 11, 2013 06:33 am

    Dear Digitalphotographyschool,
    I know what you mean, Hello I am interested in buying a camcorder. I either want an HDD or MiniDV camcorder. The main two camcorders i am looking at right now are the Sony HDR-HC7 (MiniDv) and Sony HDR-SR12(120Gib, Hard Disk Drive) which seem to be the best of both worlds based on reviews ive done on camcorderinfo.com, and cnet. Now the main reasonses i want the camcorder is to one take good opitical zoom (10 to 12megapixels is good right?), the ability to take good still pictures, and the ability to edit the videos. An extra plus would be to take good low light and regular/nightvision night picture.

    any help with info and a realistic comparision of specs whould be nice.

    All the Best

  • John July 11, 2013 04:41 am

    I consider this a public service announcement.

  • mma173 July 11, 2013 04:08 am

    Excellent article but I would like to add
    Exposure fusion is the way to go for natural looking HDRs.

  • Jeff July 11, 2013 03:41 am

    I agree that too much HDR out there is overprocessed and looks painfully unrealistic. I prefer to bring out the contrast that's seen with the eye without going overboard on effects. Here's a couple of examples:

    http://flic.kr/p/brAWbp
    http://flic.kr/p/9WNixt

  • Eric July 11, 2013 03:12 am

    The author's statement about the first photo is just wrong. You can't say without HDR there is no way you could get the details in the foreground while also bringing out the colors in the sky.

    Ever heard of filters?

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