A frame serves numerous purposes:
1. It gives the image depth and helps to give the perception to viewers of it that they’re looking at something that is more than 2 dimensions.
2. Use correctly, framing can draw the eye of the viewer of an interest to a particular part of the scene.
3. Framing can bring a sense of organization or containment to an image. This won’t work with every shot – but if you’re after a more ordered or formal feel it can be useful.
4. Framing can add context to a shot. A photo of the woman in the first shot (left) without the window frame would tell you less than the shot you see with the rustic looking window frame around her.
Frames can take many forms – from an overhanging tree, a window, a bridge, arch or even part of another person etc. When using this technique – look for a frame that has a similar shape to the main subject that you’re framing.
Frames can also be in the foreground or background of images (although more often than not they’re in the foreground).
Lets look at a few examples of framing at work in the composition of digital photographs. Some are more ‘classic’ or ‘traditional in composition – others more experimental (click images to be taken to the photographer).