Beginner’s Guide to Doing DSLR Video Clips

0Comments

The video function on your camera is probably one that you don’t play with very often. It’s often disregarded – after all, DSLR cameras are not exclusively video cameras are they? But did you know that some big budget films, including The Avengers, have scenes shot on DSLR cameras? In fact, The Avengers used the Canon EOS 5D Mark II and 7D cameras on the set!

Dave Dugdale

By Dave Dugdale

Understanding your camera’s video mode opens a world of opportunities to you. Filming is great for recording a developing scene, rather than trying to record a sequence in a still image. As a wildlife photographer, I use film to record sequences of behaviour with wildlife. For obvious reasons, it’s much easier to convey something that occurs over time with moving images. Whether you work with wildlife or not, I hope the following guide to taking DSLR video helps you to unlock the potential of your camera’s video mode.

#1 Understand frame rates

When you’re shooting a video, you’re actually recording images at a very fast frame rate. These are then played back so quickly that the human brain sees one moving image. Depending on where or what you are shooting, the frame rate you go for will vary. It’s worth noting that the frame rate your camera can shoot video at is different to the frame rate at which it can shoot still images.

Movies are shot almost exclusively at 24 frames per second. Television doesn’t have an internationally accepted frame rate. For example, in Europe and many other countries, videos are shot in PAL format at 25 fps. In North America, and also Japan, videos are shot in NTSC format and at 29.97 fps (often written as 30 fps).

Steven Worster

By Steven Worster

#2 Choose your shutter speed

Big movie cameras will likely have rotary shutters. They are semicircular and spin around to expose the sensor for each frame. Filmmakers would then adjust the shutter angle to alter the amount of motion blur in a video and how smooth the movement appears to the eye.

DSLR cameras almost exclusively use curtain shutters. You don’t need to worry too much about the workings of the shutter for this. Just remember that to convey normal motion in your video, and avoid static uncomfortable viewing of your video, you should shoot at 1/ double the frame rate.

So, if you are shooting at 25 frames per second, then you should choose a shutter speed of 1/50th second. You can balance the exposure using the aperture or ISO. The following video illustrates the differences in motion blur with different shutter speeds.

#3 Do both wide and close-up shots

It can be easy to train your camera on an event, set it to record and leave it alone. But how many films or videos have you watched where the camera angle or composition never changes? Very few, if any. One of the best ways to keep the viewer’s attention, and add a professional touch to your videos, is to shoot one scene in a number of different compositions.

This is why shooting video with a zoom lens is so handy. You can zoom out to record your wide shots, and then zoom in to record close-ups that highlight the details of whatever you are filming. It allows you to jump between clips, keeping the viewer’s attention.

If you were to just show one clip for 30 seconds solid, it is likely that the viewer would become bored. If you cut between compositions, then their interests are peaked. It also allows you to skip through time, cutting between more interesting parts of a sequence (although you need to be careful that the scene looks the same and flows – that’s known as continuity).

Take a look at this example:

#4 Focus manually

It’s super tempting to use autofocus when you first start filming, especially if you’re recording a moving subject. But autofocus makes the lens search for the focus, and once it starts trying to refocus in your video then it looks very amateur. Instead, pull the focus manually.

You’ll need to practice this technique, but it’s not as hard as it sounds. Using a smaller aperture helps too. In big film productions, there are entire jobs for focus pullers – this is a guy who manually focuses the lens for the cameraman.

#5 Take filler shots

Make sure you record the little details around your subject of the film. It might be water hitting a leaf, or the wind blowing through trees. It could be anything. But filler clips let you pad out your final film with extra details, meaning that you don’t require footage of your target throughout the whole film.

This is particularly useful in wildlife films, as it helps to transition time and events more easily by breaking up different clips. It works in a similar way to the wide and close-up shots mentioned in tip #3 above.

#6 Record sound externally

Big productions never record sound directly from the camera. They’ll have a sound man with a boom pole, holding it over people talking. This removes the interference of you actually working the camera, but it also ensures sound receives the attention it deserves. A film without sound is often a bad film, but a film with only sound can paint a picture easily.

For wildlife, we record sound at a later date. Very rarely is it recorded at exactly the same time. Instead, it is dubbed onto the footage during editing. Here’s an example:

Notice how it helps the clips to flow into one another? I am definitely not a sound expert, but it helps to make a conscious effort to improve your sound recordings.

In Conclusion

Video is a fantastic medium, I love it. There is a reason we are transfixed by film and television. Quality film production is an art, just like photography, and it is great fun to try your hand at it. So switch over to the video mode of your camera and see what you can put together.

If you’ve made any DSLR films yourself, please share them in the comments below.

Read more from our Tips & Tutorials category

Will Nicholls

is a professional wildlife photographer and film-maker from the UK. He has won multiple awards for his work, including the title of Young British Wildlife Photographer of the Year in 2009. Will runs a blog for nature photographers, Nature TTL, which provides tutorials and inspirational articles to readers. He also has a free eBook available called 10 Top Tips to Instantly Improve Your Nature Photos.

  • TByte

    Shutter speed on DSLR video? I thought the shutter was left open during video filming?

  • I think you’re confusing the shutter with the mirror. When you engage live view for video, you hear something move, for sure – that’s the mirror. Video is made up of a number of frames played one after the other, so indeed a shutter speed applies as the shutter moves throughout the recording. If the shutter didn’t close, all you’d have was one white frame.

  • TByte

    So the shutter is actually flipping open and closed thirty times per second while I’m recording video? Why can’t I hear that happening?
    I’m not saying I don’t believe you, but it’s still not making sense to me. I though the whole light path was open during video, and the processor just sampled the sensor readings thirty times per second. The shutter would seem to serve no function.

  • Klaus Noergaard

    It’s a electronic shutter while recording video. Not the mechanical shutter obviously because then Liveview wouldn’t work and would probably create noise(sound) and shake.

  • Photobrit56

    Nice article Will I have started looking more seriously at video for bts footage

  • Rik Thornton

    Afternoon! Nice little article there. I volunteer extensively for the Stroke association and was tasked earlier this year with putting a 10 minute film together to showcase the work of our stroke groups locally to attendees at one of our art exhibitions. This was my first attempt at anything of this nature (I usually just deal with stills) but I found it really enjoyable getting the footage and assembling it all. In terms of time, something like 2 months gathering 4hrs of footage to edit down for the film.

    Kit was Canon 550D with a mix of lenses, audio requirements were handled by a Zoom h1 – editing suite was a mix of Moviemaker and NCH Videopad. You can, if you wish, view it here…

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X70k4MjdrnQ

    Looking back, I would do it very much different now…but I guess like many things, you evolve as time goes on and you learn what works and what doesn’t.

  • Tikaro

    Does shooting video really actuate the shutter for every frame? That would seem like a very quick way to use up your camera’s rated shutter actuation life.

    Or is it electronically simulating the shutter cycle by reading out the sensor at the shutter rate while leaving the curtain open?

  • Gabernasher

    “A film without sound is often a bad film”
    Silent films anyone?

Join Our Email Newsletter

Thanks for subscribing!


DPS offers a free weekly newsletter with: 
1. new photography tutorials and tips
2. latest photography assignments
3. photo competitions and prizes

Enter your email below to subscribe.
Email:
 
 
Get DAILY free tips, news and reviews via our RSS feed