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Composition refers to the arrangement of elements within the photo. And it’s often the difference between a creative, compelling image, and an image that just falls flat.
In this article, I’m going to share with you everything you need to know about bird photography composition. I’m going to give you several tips that ensure you capture beautiful bird photography compositions, without fail.
Let’s dive right in.
When you take a bird photo, everything in the frame matters.
The bird. The position of the bird. The position of the bird’s head. The background. Any elements behind the bird. Any elements in front of the bird.
It’s all important.
Because the key to a gorgeous bird photography compositions is keeping the shot focused on your main subject.
You want to make sure that the bird stands out in the frame. You want to make sure everything else in the photo emphasizes and enhances the bird.
So how do you do that?
A few simple ways, starting with:
If your composition is chaotic, then the viewer is going to get lost.
And that’s absolutely not what you want.
Instead, you should aim to simplify the composition as much as possible. The best compositions tend to include a bird and a background. That’s it.
While it’s possible to create beautiful shots by including additional birds or interesting features (e.g., shells, flowers), I recommend avoiding that as much as possible. These mess up compositions more often than they enhance them.
Also, in the interest of simplicity: If there’s anything in the frame that’s distracting, get rid of it. So make sure there are no branches behind the bird. Make sure there’s nothing in the background that dominates the frame or draws the eye.
That’s how you’ll keep your bird photography compositions beautiful.
And speaking of backgrounds:
If you want a beautiful bird photography compositions, then you need a beautiful background.
What does this involve?
First, the best bird photography backgrounds are simple. They’re also uniform.
Notice how the background is a nice uniform color.
It keeps the attention on the bird. It doesn’t distract.
To create a background like this, you want to start by ensuring a large separation between the bird and the background. One trick is to get down low, on the bird’s level; this will cause the ground behind the bird to fall away, creating a more distant background.
You should also make sure you use a decently wide aperture, such as f/5.6 or f/6.3 (the particulars depend on the size of your bird, because you don’t want to accidentally make parts of the bird soft!).
Finally, you should ensure that the background doesn’t include colorful elements that catch the eye. Before you take a shot, look behind your bird, and ask yourself: Will anything in the background dominate the frame? Will anything pull the viewer away from the bird?
If the answer is “Yes,” then you should consider moving slightly to the left or right so that you’re no longer stuck with a distracting background.
Now that you know how to capture beautiful backgrounds, it’s time to look at your main subject and how to position it.
Generally speaking, you’ll have a single bird in your photos. And you need to position this bird carefully.
You don’t want to put it smack-dab in the middle of the frame. That’s a recipe for a boring, static composition.
Instead, I recommend you place the bird so that its eye falls along a rule of thirds power point.
What is the rule of thirds power points?
They’re simply points that are a third of the way into the frame, both vertically and horizontally.
The eye in this photo, for instance, falls along a power point:
It’s a third of the way down, and a third of the way from the left.
Now, the rule of thirds is misnamed; it’s a guideline, not a hard-and-fast rule. But it is a great way to position your bird and will ensure that the shot feels a lot more interesting.
So use the rule of thirds whenever you can to position your bird within the frame.
I’ve talked about positioning your main subject using the rule of thirds, but there’s another aspect to positioning that you should always, always consider:
The direction the bird is pointing.
You see, most bird photos have some empty space in the frame.
And when they do…
…you want to point the bird into the empty space, rather than away from it.
You see, by making sure the bird is looking into the empty space, it adds a sense of completeness and a sense of motion to the frame. The viewer’s eye follows the birds line of sight, and everything feels satisfying.
Whereas if you point the bird out of the frame, the whole shot feels tense. The viewer wants to know what’s outside the frame, with no resolution in sight.
That’s why bird photographers love to point the bird into the frame. It’s far more satisfying, and can turn the shot into something powerful.
Now, when it comes to bird photography, you can capture birds in a normal standing pose.
And that’ll get you some nice photos.
This isn’t enough.
If you want to create truly creative bird photography, you need to go beyond the simple standing pose. And capture the bird doing something interesting.
What counts as interesting?
For one, preening birds look really interesting. They appear wonderfully tranquil as they clean their feathers.
And birds that are sleeping also give off a sense of peace that I love.
You can also go for action shots: Birds feeding, for instance, can create a lot of interest. You can capture photos of birds that are about to catch food, are currently catching food, or have just caught food. Think of a bird with a huge fish in its mouth.
It’s guaranteed to add interest.
You can also go for shots of birds fighting or, as is a common bird photography practice, shots of birds flying. Photographing birds in flight can be a challenge, but a really rewarding one.
So whenever you’re able, don’t just take a standard bird photo. Go beyond this.
Make something unique!
You should now have a sense of the best ways to capture beautiful bird photography compositions.
Getting amazing compositions isn’t hard. You just have to use the tips that I’ve given you, and you’ll be taking stunning photos in no time.
Have other tips for gorgeous bird photography compositions? Share them in the comments!