Add Impact to Your Photos by Including Shadows

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In music they say the spaces between the notes are just as important as the notes themselves. Similarly in photography, it can be the spaces that are not in the light that add impact to an image.

Imperial Sand Dunes, California by Anne McKinnell

If it were not for the shadow cast by the dirt bike, it might be difficult to tell it was off the ground.

Shadows help tell a story and enhance the mood and visual power of a photograph. In fact, they can be so interesting, that they “overshadow” the subject itself!

By focussing your attention on the shadows, you can create beautiful compositions full of contrast, form, and minimalist simplicity. An object and its shadow will strengthen each other. Sometimes you might even want to cut the object out entirely, and play with capturing only the interesting shadows that are cast by it.

A small plant and it's shadow by Anne McKinnell

In this image of a small plant, it is really the shadow that is the main subject for the image would have very little interest without it.

Photographing shadows works best with strong, simple shapes that make interesting graphic designs such as flowers, sharp lines, or even human beings. After all, who hasn’t taken a picture of their own shadow as it stretches out across the sidewalk in front of them?

You can use shadows compositionally the same way you would use any other element in the scene: as leading lines, patterns, curves that guide the eye into the scene or to create a balance of negative and positive space.

Sandstone blocks and shadows by Anne McKinnell

Look for patterns created by shadows. Here, an interesting pattern is formed by the sandstone blocks and their shadows.

Exposing for the Shadows

If you put your camera on an automatic mode (even aperture or shutter priority mode) and try to photograph a shadow, it’ll probably come out too light. This is, after all, what cameras are designed to do – expose with enough brightness to see detail. Of course, this isn’t always what we want, and shadows are a prime example of when you need to manually change your exposure to make sure the shadow remains in darkness.

There are a few ways that this can be done:

  • Set your camera to manual mode. This is for advanced photographers. On manual mode, you’re responsible for setting your aperture, shutter speed, and ISO value. If you’re not sure what settings to use, you can copy them from the values on your auto setting and then tweak them as you go.
  • Use EV compensation. If you take a shot and see on the LCD screen that it is too bright, you can simply locate the camera’s EV (exposure value) compensation button. Almost every camera will have one, even point-and-shoots and camera phones; it is denoted by a square with a (+/-) symbol. Using that, you can simply turn the exposure up or down to be brighter or darker, as you see fit, and if you’re using live view it will probably render directly in the display. If the shadows come up too bright, just lower the exposure compensation a little to deepen them.
The El Prado Pedestrian Walkway, Balboa Park, San Diego, California, by Anne McKinnell

Late afternoon sidelight created a pattern, an interesting repetition of lines, in this arcade.

  • Lock down your exposure. If you have a DSLR, it probably has an exposure lock feature, though it may need to be configured in the camera’s menu. Using exposure lock, you can fill your frame with the part of your scene that’s not in shadow – or else some well-lit mid-tone – and let your automatic exposure calculate for that. Then you lock it in by pressing the AE-L (auto-exposure lock) button on your camera. This will freeze the settings as they are, so you can recompose the image to include the shadow and the camera won’t re-calculate and brighten the exposure to account for them. This way, you’ll get perfectly exposed highlights and deep shadows. Alternatively, you can simply note the settings, dial them in to manual mode, and bypass the exposure lock altogether.
  • Bracket your shot. When you bracket your image, you take several shots at different exposures. Mid-range cameras and higher will have this feature built in – it might feature a dedicated BKT button, or the option might be available in the menu. If so, you’ll be able to select how many pictures to take and how many stops of difference between them. This makes it simple to take three exposures, for example, one with the exposure the camera thinks is correct, one underexposed by one stop and one overexposed by one stop. If this feature is not available, it can be achieved through changing the settings in manual mode, or by taking several shots with different EV compensations.
Imperial Sand Dunes, California by Anne McKinnell

In this image of a sand dune, the shadow adds form to the dune and creates a strong and balancing line in the image. I made this image mid-afternoon during a scouting trip. It turned out much better than the image I made of the same location later in the day when the right side of the dune was entirely in shadow.

Next time you’re out shooting, make a point of noticing the shapes of the shadows. Challenge yourself to actively use them to create mood, to add dimension to your subject, or to take center stage in a creatively crafted composition.

Read more from our Tips & Tutorials category

Anne McKinnell

is a photographer, writer and nomad. She lives in an RV and travels around North America photographing beautiful places and writing about travel, photography, and how changing your life is not as scary as it seems.

You can read about her adventures on her blog and be sure to check out her free photography eBooks.

  • Love the images and the tips – after reading this, I know I can improve my shots. Thanks

  • I once learned from a photography professor that certain shots, such as textures, come out best when there is some shadow to define the 3D layout of a 2D picture. I recently went on a trip to an old lava flow and, while the midday light and harsh deep shadows were terrible for almost any shot, it worked well for the textural shots I was taking of the hardened igneous rock flows. It also created an appropriate feel of desolation. Shadows can really add something to the depth of a photograph.

  • These are gorgeous examples and while I really appreciate your detailed explanations, what I most love is the fact that I am now so much more aware of what to look for and include in my compositions. Great article! Thank you!

  • raghavendra

    Long back i took pictures covering both leaves and its shadow

    http://raghavendra-mobilephotography.blogspot.in/2010/07/leaf-and-its-shadow.html

  • I love the arcade one. Given it a try too sometimes.

    http://blogs.gonomad.com/traveltalesfromindia/

  • Evan R
  • Harald Johnsen

    I like shapes and textures so I am always looking for shadows. They add so much depth and feeling to photos that they frequently become the main point of interest (subject). Understanding qualities of light becomes very important when photographing shadows.

  • Thanks for the info. I love the dune shot!!!

    Click on my website. The photo on my home page is my best shadow shot.

    http://www.throughcherylseyesphotography.com

    Cheryl

  • Very good tips and good writted article!

    Some of my picture:
    https://marius-fotografie.blogspot.com

  • Thank you very much for all the great comments everyone!

  • nuspalupo

    very nice article
    here’s one my picture with artificial light/shadows:
    http://flic.kr/p/dbFr13

  • Keith Starkey

    Excellent. Got me thinking about a particular building in town that I know has potential—it’s similar to the multi-arch building above. So now I know what to do to get the shot I want. Thanks very much!

  • Richard Taylor

    Bark detail on a eucalypt. Available light late in the afternoon.

Some Older Comments

  • nuspalupo August 28, 2013 12:18 am

    very nice article
    here's one my picture with artificial light/shadows:
    http://flic.kr/p/dbFr13

  • Anne McKinnell August 25, 2013 03:21 am

    Thank you very much for all the great comments everyone!

  • marius2die4 August 23, 2013 08:08 pm

    Very good tips and good writted article!

    Some of my picture:
    https://marius-fotografie.blogspot.com

  • Cheryl Garrity August 23, 2013 10:26 am

    Thanks for the info. I love the dune shot!!!

    Click on my website. The photo on my home page is my best shadow shot.

    http://www.throughcherylseyesphotography.com

    Cheryl

  • Harald Johnsen August 23, 2013 05:10 am

    I like shapes and textures so I am always looking for shadows. They add so much depth and feeling to photos that they frequently become the main point of interest (subject). Understanding qualities of light becomes very important when photographing shadows.

  • Evan R August 19, 2013 07:18 am

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/eruderman14/9445923094/ Please look!

  • Mridula August 18, 2013 11:42 pm

    I love the arcade one. Given it a try too sometimes.

    http://blogs.gonomad.com/traveltalesfromindia/

  • raghavendra August 18, 2013 01:19 pm

    Long back i took pictures covering both leaves and its shadow

    http://raghavendra-mobilephotography.blogspot.in/2010/07/leaf-and-its-shadow.html

  • Mary @ Green Global Travel August 17, 2013 12:13 pm

    These are gorgeous examples and while I really appreciate your detailed explanations, what I most love is the fact that I am now so much more aware of what to look for and include in my compositions. Great article! Thank you!

  • Pocatello Photography, Cramer Imaging August 17, 2013 11:07 am

    I once learned from a photography professor that certain shots, such as textures, come out best when there is some shadow to define the 3D layout of a 2D picture. I recently went on a trip to an old lava flow and, while the midday light and harsh deep shadows were terrible for almost any shot, it worked well for the textural shots I was taking of the hardened igneous rock flows. It also created an appropriate feel of desolation. Shadows can really add something to the depth of a photograph.

  • Maria August 17, 2013 03:55 am

    Love the images and the tips - after reading this, I know I can improve my shots. Thanks

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