6 Tips to Master Panning Photography

6 Tips to Master Panning Photography


You must have seen those photos where the car or the motorcycle appears sharp and in focus whereas the background appears to be in motion with a blur effect. At first, you might have thought that it is a Photoshop trick or assumed it to be something only a professional sports photographer can achieve. Well, let me tell you it is called panning photography and this technique is easy to learn.

All you have to do is keep practicing this technique until you master the art of panning photography. To help you do so, I have listed six easy to understand tips that will help you capture perfect panning photos.

1 – Set your camera on Shutter Priority mode

6 Tips to Master Panning Photography

Shutter Priority (Tv for Canon, S for Nikon and others).

The first thing that you have to do as you hold your camera to capture a panning photo is to set the camera mode to Shutter Priority. Panning photography is all about the correct choice of shutter speed – the aperture and ISO values do not play that major role here.

This mode allows you to adjust the shutter speed while the aperture and ISO values are taken care of by the camera and will vary depending on the lighting conditions.

2 – Choose a slow shutter speed

6 Tips to Master Panning Photography

Shutter speed set to 1/30th of a second for panning.

As we discussed above, the most important exposure element of panning photography is the shutter speed. So in order to make the subject appear sharp and the background to appear in motion, you must allow the shutter to remain open for an adequate amount of time.

To capture perfect panning photos, the ideal shutter speed is anything between 1/30th of a second and 1/125th (the faster the subject is moving the faster the shutter speed needs to be). This range of shutter speed allows enough time for the camera to register movement in the photo, while keeping the subject in sharp focus.

3 – Use a tripod

6 Tips to Master Panning Photography

Clicking photos handheld at a slower shutter speed might introduce slight shake in your photos. To ensure that you capture sharp panning photos, mount your camera on a tripod or a monopod to minimize the camera shake during panning.

It is possible that while you are panning your camera along with the moving subject, you are also moving your body and that shall introduce a slight shake in your camera. Using a tripod or a monopod will minimize the upwards or downwards movement of the camera and will only allow the camera to pan side to side.

4 – Focus accurately

6 Tips to Master Panning Photography

As the subject is moving swiftly across your frame, so it is really important to lock the focus on the subject accurately. There are two ways you can do this in order to make the subject appear in sharp focus, whereas the background appears to be in motion.

  • Automatic focus technique: If you are just starting with panning photography or if you are not sure about the distance of the subject from the camera, always use the automatic focusing technique. To make sure that you focus on the subject accurately, switch on the continuous focus tracking mode (AF-C on Nikon, and AI Servo for Canon). This helps your camera to continuously focus on the subject as it moves across the frame.
  • Manual focus technique: If you are sure about the distance at which your subject will pass by, then the best method is to use a manual focus technique. Focus on the point where your subject will be beforehand and then switch the focusing mode to manual. This ensures you to click at a much faster rate as your lens will not be constantly hunting for the subject. Simply pan your camera along with the moving subject and click multiple photos, later choose the best among all.

NOTE: Remember to also set your camera to continuous or burst mode to shoot multiple images when the shutter is held down.

5 – Position yourself correctly

6 Tips to Master Panning Photography

Try and keep some distance between your camera and the moving subject in order to allow your camera enough space to swiftly lock the focus on the subject. If you position yourself too close to the moving subject, there are chances that your lens will fail to focus on the subject because of the distance being shorter than the minimum focusing distance. It’s also harder to keep the subject in the frame when it is really large (close up).

Panning photos look eye-catching when there is a contrast and there are at least two or more colors in the background. Imagine a background which lacks contrast and has only one color, it would hardly add any impact to your panning photo.

6 – Move along with the subject

6 Tips to Master Panning Photography

The whole idea of panning photography is to shoot a photo of a moving subject while panning your camera along with the subject. One thing you need to make sure is that the speed at which you are panning the camera should match with the speed at which the subject is passing by your frame. Follow the subject left to right (or vice versa) at the same speed and don’t stop when you get to the middle (follow-through like in golf).

One golden tip that I would like to share as per my experience is that press the shutter release button only when the subject is parallel to your camera. This will ensure that your subject is completely in focus and appears sharp, while you get to perfectly capture blur motion in the background.

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Kunal Malhotra is a photography enthusiast whose passion for photography started 6 years back during his college days. Kunal is also a photography blogger, based out of Delhi, India. He loves sharing his knowledge about photography with fellow aspiring photographers by writing regular posts on his blog. Some of his favorite genres of photography are product, street, fitness, and architecture.

  • Capixaba

    There is a lack of a very important tip, more important than tripod.

  • paul castlejackson

    It is great to learn even the most minute detail in this kind of hobby, worth the time spent, great!

  • I admit I read about panning photography for the firs time and thanks for all 6 tips.

  • David

    Don’t forget to turn off panning image stabilisation (or equivalent for your lens) if you have the option eg 70-200mm L2.8 IS II has 3 levels of stabilisation.

  • TR Young

    You need to clarify if you mean ‘continuous focus’ or ‘continuous shooting’ so that people who are new can understand what you mean. I use continuous high-speed shooting when I’m shooting panning shots.

  • TR Young

    One of my first outings, doing some panning practice outside of Surprise, AZ back in 2016. The new Ford GTs were being tested out there and I was hoping to catch some shots of them but they never happened past while I was there. Darn. https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/8dee8df2c06d42906238d5c9d95113170f519950e6e23ee428d9a5bf2d2441c3.jpg

  • OldPom

    This https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/925b07433a596ab5c29b7a76036d43a130d191fe59749d480195aa6a362e086b.jpg This Fellow thought I might be a speed camera policeman ! He was going at a fair lick too.

  • This is a brilliant capture.

  • Indeed.

  • Pleasure 🙂

  • I have mentioned continuous focus tracking mode 🙂

  • Katielee4211

    If i was an absolute beginner, here are things I’d clarify:
    1. Focus on your subjuct by depressing the shutter part way and follow subject until directly in front of you.
    2. Depress the shutter fully when subject is parallel, or directly in front of you for best results.
    3. Now, once you snap the shutter, do you continue holding the shutter down? Release partways? Or release altogether? I haven’t panned for years and don’t remember?

  • Charles G. Haacker

    Excellent tips! But I see one thing missing that I think is important, and it is *follow through.* That is, don’t trip the shutter and stop short. Keep planning with your subject even when you can’t see it. Many people may do this instinctively but some will inevitably fire-and-stop, and the likelihood is that will smear the shot. It’s like baseball or golf: you have to follow through. (? ?° ? ? ??°)

  • Scott McKellin

    Shot this at a drag racing event early last year. Full manual controls, not shutter-priority. I typically like controlling everything, but I’ll experiment more with shutter-priority, as it’d be easier! https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/53659ac06bbd6e77a83aa93c467c0b5dd5ec2d87b45444a4195cd2e555d157be.jpg

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