Four Ways to Improve Your Photos With the Clarity Slider in Lightroom

Four Ways to Improve Your Photos With the Clarity Slider in Lightroom

0Comments

Using the Clarity slider in Lightroom

Andrew S. Gibson is the author of Mastering Lightroom: Book 2 – The Develop Module. There’s a special deal on now at Snapndeals, get 40% off for a limited time only.

The Clarity slider is one of the most useful in Lightroom when it comes to giving your images extra punch and impact. Today I’m going to show you several ways you can use it to improve your photos. But first, let’s take a look at exactly what the Clarity slider does, and how it differs from its cousin the Contrast slider.

This photo is ideal to demonstrate the difference:

Using the Clarity slider in Lightroom

Using the Clarity slider in Lightroom

It was taken on an overcast day and the light was very flat. This is confirmed by the histogram, which has gaps on both the left and right-hand sides (screen capture image to the right).

Now let’s see what happens when we set the Contrast slider, and then the Clarity slider, to their maximum settings of +100:

Using the Clarity slider in Lightroom

The most obvious difference at this scale is that the Contrast slider has a more far reaching effect. It makes both the shadows darker and the highlights brighter, stretching the histogram in the process.

The Clarity slider works differently. It increases contrast, but in the mid-tones only. The highlights aren’t affected, and if anything the photo becomes darker as the Clarity slider has a greater effect on dark tones than the Contrast slider.

Here’s a close-up of both images so you can see the effect in more detail. Look closely and you’ll see that the Clarity slider brings out more texture than increasing Contrast.

Using the Clarity slider in Lightroom

That’s the key to using this slider successfully. Increasing mid-tone contrast brings out texture and detail, increasing the tactility and apparent sharpness of the image. That’s what the Clarity slider is designed to do. Now I’m going to show you some practical applications.

1. Emphasizing texture

The Clarity slider in the Basic panel is a  global adjustment – meaning that, moving this slider affects the entire image. A small but subtle boost to Clarity can lift just about any image. Photos with more texture, such as the one below, may benefit from a larger increase in Clarity to bring out the texture and detail. This technique is especially effective in black and white. Plus, there’s nothing to stop you increasing contrast as well, especially in black and white, which usually benefits from higher contrast than colour images.

Using the Clarity slider in Lightroom

2. Emphasising texture locally

There is a theory in photography called visual mass that states that certain elements pull the viewer’s eye more than others (you read more about it in my article Composition, Balance and Visual Mass). One of these elements is sharpness. The eye goes to sharp parts of the image before it goes to unsharp, or out of focus areas.

You can use this to your advantage by making local adjustments to Clarity rather than global ones. In the example below, I wanted the white stones to be the centre of attention. The principle of tonal contrast ensures that they are, and I emphasixed it here by placing Radial filters over the stones and setting Contrast to +100 in each one.

Using the Clarity slider in Lightroom

Note: The Radial filter is new to Lightroom 5. If you have an older version of Lightroom you can use the Adjustment Brush tool instead.

3. Emphasize the eyes in a portrait

There’s another area where increasing Clarity locally can make a huge difference and that’s in portraiture. Use either the Radial filter or Adjustment Brush to increase the Clarity of your model’s eyes. Again, it’s a subtle, but often effective change. You can also do the same with your model’s mouth to emphasize the lips. Remember that as Clarity tends to make things darker, you’ll probably need to increase Exposure a little as well.

Using the Clarity slider in Lightroom

4. Soften skin

So far we’ve just looked at what happens when you increase Clarity, but you can also go the opposite way and decrease it in order to obscure detail, or soften part of the photo. You do have to be careful with this as the result can look a little false. A light touch is essential.

You can use negative Clarity as a kind soft focus effect in portraits. The most effective way is to increase Sharpness at the same time that you decrease Clarity. This helps retain realistic looking texture in the skin and avoids the false effect I spoke of earlier.

Lightroom has a built-in Adjustment Brush preset called Soften Skin which does exactly that. You can see the effect here. It’s subtle, look at the area under the model’s eyes if you’re not sure what the difference is:

Using the Clarity slider in Lightroom

To use the Soften Skin preset, start by activating the Adjustment Brush and paint in the area you want to apply the preset to (shown in red below). Leave the eyes, eyebrows, mouth and tip of the nose alone as you don’t want to soften those areas.

Using the Clarity slider in Lightroom

Select Soften Skin from the Effects menu. Lightroom sets Clarity to -100 and Sharpness to +25.

Using the Clarity slider in Lightroom

Using the Clarity slider in Lightroom

This is the strongest Soften Skin preset. If it’s too strong, you can reduce it by hovering the mouse over the Adjustment Brush pin until the double arrow icon (left) appears. When you see it, hold the left mouse button down and move the mouse left. Lightroom reduces the Clarity and Sharpness settings proportionally. Moving the mouse left, reduces the settings, moving it right increases them. Let go when it looks good to your eye. (You can also adjust the sliders manually)

Your turn

How do you use the Clarity slider? I’m curious to see what applications you have come up with for it.

Let us know in the comments, and feel free to share your photos so we can see what you have done.


Mastering Lightroom: Book Two

Mastering Lightroom: Book Two – The Develop Module ebookMy new ebook Mastering Lightroom: Book Two – The Develop Module teaches you how to process your Raw files in Lightroom for spectacular results. Written for Lightroom 4 & 5 it takes you through every panel in the Develop module and shows you how to creatively edit your photos. It’s now 40% off at Snapndeals for a limited time only.

Read more from our Post Production category

Andrew S. Gibson is a writer and photographer living in New Zealand. He is the author of over twenty photography ebooks – please join his monthly newsletter to receive complimentary copies of The Creative Image and Use Lightroom Better.

  • I tell people “the clarity slider is your friend.” By the way, the clarity slider exists in Adobe Camera Raw as well as Lightroom.

  • The clarity slider is one that I apply regularly to all my pictures in small doses to add a bit of sharpness and contrast, and only in certain images that are more suitable for this enhancement I apply it at higher levels. Usually +20 is my default and it is enough to make a difference.

  • George Felton

    Great tips but the euro trademark for apostrophies is annoying

  • sorry what Euro trademark?

  • George Felton

    These
    The Clarity slider is one of the most useful in Lightroom when it comes to giving your images extra punch and impact. Today I’m going to show you several ways you can use it to improve your photos. But first, let’s take a look at exactly what the Clarity slider does, and how it differs from its cousin the Contrast slider.

  • pyeman

    it’s
    don’t
    model’s
    you’re
    we’ve

  • It must be something in your browser because I see actual apostrophes, not the euro mark.

  • George Felton

    Could be but I don’t see it in any other communications except this one….

  • Nikki

    it’s the encoding on the site – I always have to manually flip it to unicode for when I visit here. Very annoying

  • Sorry I’m not seeing any of those characters – it has to do with your browser settings. Try setting it to Unicode

  • Good point. Photoshop users don’t miss out on this useful feature.

  • I love the Clarity slider and use it all the time. The radial filter is something I would like to learn more about.

  • Tim Bray
  • Awesome tips and explanations! (y)

  • Steven Zimmer

    Good point Carl! But one have to be careful with the clarity slider as well. I’ve seen dozens of photos where clarity simply had been overdone – just saying.

  • ipaco
  • Emdad

    Thanks for the great tips

  • freeopinions

    That’s because the develop module in Lightroom is Adobe Camera Raw. All the same functionality, all the same tools. Lightroom is a glorified ACR with an attached database.

  • Roy Jobe

    Thank you so much for the insight. I have been using the clarity and contrast sliders on almost all my photos. Although when I came to Lightroom 5 I was not sure of the radial filters or how to use them. Now I think I’m going to do some experimenting, thanks again.

  • Bruno Henrique

    Muito bom.

  • Frank Sørensen

    The Clarity slider is very powerfull, and i use it a lot in images with cars, buildings, maschines. But i never use +clarity on human skin because it looks awfull.. People looks very funky that way. Maybe i will try the softening technique.

Join Our Email Newsletter

Thanks for subscribing!


DPS offers a free weekly newsletter with: 
1. new photography tutorials and tips
2. latest photography assignments
3. photo competitions and prizes

Enter your email below to subscribe.
Email:
 
 
Get DAILY free tips, news and reviews via our RSS feed